I HAD A DREAM! Part two.



Antoine is a French engineer whose adventures are described in the book: « Game Over: A Detective Investigation on Spiritualism and Life after Death » inspired by George Gamov who introduced the weirdness of Physics’ discoveries to a large audience a century ago.

He applies Science’s discoveries at work, without really analyse them critically. But he favors experiments over dogmas and his open mind lets him explore strange questions as « What is the fate of consciousness after body’s death? Can science help to find an answer? » His inquiries are disturbing and some dreams let him explore reality without the limitations of waken awareness.

In part one Antoine dreamt of his late friend, Akira, who introduced him to the weirdness of microphysics. A new dream lets Antoine witness the beginning of the universe.


This strange night, full of extraordinary images, was not over yet; as soon as he finally undressed himself and went in bed, the same sort of lucid dreams emerged again.
This time he was in his bed and simultaneously in an oppressing void. Everything was dark: pitch black. Oddly he felt it wasn’t himself that couldn’t see, he didn’t lose his ability to perceive light… but there was nothing to look at, obviously. Moreover, he didn’t know if he had a body or not in this new lucid dream; he felt as if he was nothing more than pure consciousness in the middle of nowhere!
And suddenly the black void turned in an incredibly white light filled with energy; it was an overwhelming sensation. He asked himself what it could be, but after a few moments trying to gather his thoughts, he realised no answer came to his mind. Was there something to discover in the bright light, something familiar? After some effort he was able to distinguish very little specks that reminded him of dust particles which are visible in a sun’s ray in a dark room. But in this case, it was the dust which was obscuring the light very faintly, not the other way round. The specks were whirling around in different modes of speed whilst bouncing on one another occasionally. Slowly some dust seemed to aggregate.
Suddenly Antoine thought excitedly he could distinguish an odd structure in the tiny specks… they seemed to get secured once they interacted! Yes, they did in fact interact and gradually started to form lumps of dust or something like that.
A closer sight showed the Frenchman that those lumps seemed to possess some sort of subtle organisation: they weren’t only the result of chance. He intuitively felt that their structure, and maybe their colours too, contributed to the final forms. But he couldn’t decide if it was their final goal after all.
Gradually he discovered a sort of pulsating evolution. Little specks of dust aggregated slowly in what he concluded, was a natural fate, a sort of programmed property that pushed them to do so. Not by intention, just by their nature. And when they did, they seemed to change abruptly, to acquire new properties which, in turn, facilitated them to pursue what was clearly a complexification.
He discovered that the very nature of the entities which appeared after each sort of interaction, led them automatically to an emerging new organisation, with completely new properties that, in turn, naturally triggered the new emergence. Same structures expressed the same properties, everywhere around him. He was totally amazed by what he was discovering now; it felt as if he was in an immensely large organic construction. And his feelings were powered by what he saw next when he realised this complexification wasn’t only expressing by the number of parts each new entity possessed, but also by the forms and types of interactions which were emerging from what was in the beginning: a very simple collection of tiny dust particles which evolved in complicated designs, repeating themselves as in a kaleidoscope! Families of entities emerged and continued to interact with each other: the interactions being the fundamental trigger that permitted to the participating forms and colours to express their potentialities for complexification and evolution. Antoine was almost hypnotised by the scenery in which he was completely immersed.
After a brief while he suddenly sensed his Japanese friend’s presence again on his side. There he was… the small Asian man with a broad smile on his face; he glanced intensely at Antoine and said in his stately voice:
“Remember! The universe is bio-friendly!”
Whilst the firm voice of his friend faded away, Antoine woke up from this strange dream experience which reminded him of the ones that his compatriot philosopher René Descartes experienced almost four centuries ago. He remembered at once how amazed he was when he learned how Descartes had created his scientific method after having vivid dreams. The French philosopher discovered his destiny in a sort of overwhelming revelation in a series of 3 dreams in a November night in 1619!
Antoine learned that science, which relies heavily on the separation between the observer and the subject of observation (the principle of objectivity), was born after the most subjective experience one can imagine: dreams! Science which relies heavily on quantification and measuring, was born in an event that can be regarded as the less measurable and quantifiable ever! Descartes’ dreams led him to separate matter from spirit. And he elaborated the scientific methodology to explore the nature of our material reality with the help of mathematical thinking. Of course, he didn’t think that all of reality was only material, but he knew that his method was only adapted to matter and left the exploration of spirit to philosophy and religion!
Antoine felt as excited as the French philosopher should have been after his vivid dreams. Was he on the threshold of a discovery, like his renowned compatriot?! He couldn’t imagine something like that; he was too modest to think so, but he never had been as feverish and excited as he was now at this very moment.
The lectures he had given the day before, here at the mansion, were important since they led to a synthesis between matter and spirit that went completely on the opposite way Descartes proposed!
At least, from the way today’s scientists attribute to Descartes’ discovery.
Antoine recalled also his astonishment when Akira showed him some letters Descartes had sent to Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia and in which he admitted the influence of spirit on matter.
His friend explained that Shintoism was compatible with science finally… it was just occidental scientists that forgot why and how Descartes made the separation between matter and spirit. It was only a pragmatic way that was meant to produce easily and rapidly usable results. What it did with so great success for the centuries after him that nowadays scientists dismiss the link that ties matter and spirit!
He remembered how Akira helped him in the recent years questioning his former beliefs, especially his dogmatic confidence in what could be seen as a scientist religion, a cosmogony completely based on scientific assumptions that, actually, were only assumptions which felt as real proof!
He discovered that he, like the great majority of scientists, adopted a religious way of doing Science! Becoming sort of dogmatic about its concepts and forgetting that the method was created exactly the other way round!
Eventually, with the incredible success of the Method for centuries, and remembering that it was adapted to discovering and applying the laws of the material part of our world, more and more scientists forgot why Descartes separated matter of spirit and became convinced that matter could explain all of reality.
Together with Akira, Antoine worked on the major revolution that took place in Physics since 1900 and the birth of Quantum Physics.
The Japanese physicist’s natural tendency to synthesise matter and spirit realms led them to build some new ways to look at Science. This revolution which is still expanding nowadays changes its cosmogony at the slow pace with which such important changes take place. But what became clear to them like the majority of physicists, is that we have to change our minds; by returning to Descartes!
“Matter can no more be the base of everything since Physics has discovered that what we take for real matter hasn’t the properties we think reality should have! And this was known perhaps by Descartes”, Akira hypothesised one day when both men sat on their beloved megalith in the Jura mountains.
Antoine remembered the day when the Japanese man showed him a part of a letter from Descartes in which he wrote that one should keep this link between matter and spirit secret, because it could harm ‘feeble and superstitious minds!’
Am I becoming a feeble and a superstitious mind? The answer struck in his mind. No! Not at all! I’m on my way to understanding. How exciting and wonderful!
Finally the images he was experiencing for the whole night started to fade away and Antoine sank into a deep dreamless sleep.

I HAD A DREAM: Part one.

The Microcosm described by Physics remains so strange and outside our common sense that its behaviour is still largely ignored in everyday’s life, even by scientists who tend to work with them, then forget them when outside their office. But we can’t anymore accept Material Realism that has been the foundation of our common sense since modern Physics discovered that our world image isn’t compatible with it. We have to integrate the properties of the Microcosm in our understanding of reality and adapt our world image to the strange properties of the components that are at its foundations. One of these being the importance of interactions; they seem more real than the objects that interact! The universe seems to be a collection of events instead of a collection of objects.

Below is an adaptation of a chapter of the book: « Game Over: A Detective Investigation on Spiritualism and Life after Death » inspired by George Gamov who introduced the weirdness of Physics’ discoveries to a large audience a century ago.

Antoine is a French engineer whose adventures are described in the book. He applies Science’s discoveries professionally, without really analysing them critically. But he favors experiments over dogmas and his open mind lets him explore strange questions as « What is the fate of consciousness after body’s death? Can science help to find an answer? » His inquiries are disturbing and some dreams let him explore reality without the limitations of waken awareness.


Antoine felt exhausted. Motionless, he stayed on his bed. Lying on his back with his eyes closed, whilst listening to his body, he felt comfortably warm despite the fact the room was bitterly cold.

He tried to relax and directed his thoughts to one of the loveliest places he liked to go to when he worked in Switzerland at CERN: the Jura mountains. His body became heavy and his breathing quiet. In a hypnagogic state, he saw himself sitting on an ancient megalith he often visited with his colleague Akira Mottu from Japan. He loved this place full of energy. It was his Japanese friend who had found this special site in a dense but lovely forest, on the slopes of the mountains.

Here, Akira had tried to introduce him to the so-called spirits of this ancient place: the Kamis. But he couldn’t grasp the idea this highly-creative scientist believed in such things as nature spirits. The only explanation he had was his friend’s background of the Shinto culture; this ritual was probably a sort of acknowledgement of his native country. He never asked his friend really, Antoine realised.

Anyway, he was mostly impressed by this wonderful feeling which overwhelmed him when he sat on the old stone; he could sit there and recover from tiredness. Akira called it ‘healing energy’ that radiated from the megalith. He didn’t know if it was true and why and how, but he always felt extremely relaxed when he was in touch with the ancient rock, so maybe his friend was right and therefore he welcomed the healing process naturally. He even joined Akira’s ritual of honouring the ancient stone. It was a sort of ceremony in which he and his Japanese friend decorated the base of the megalith with some beautiful flowers and incense. He was astonished to realise his own European ancestors uplifted these megaliths at particular places which felt sacred for them; they did actually the same thing as his Japanese friend’s ancestors at the other side of the world. He understood that different ancient cultures were much more alike – as it seemed – than modern ones.

Now more impressions started to appear in the Frenchman’s mind; the images were more vivid and intense; he didn’t bother to make a distinction between what was real and what was a hallucination coming from an hypnagogic state just before dreaming. He decided not to care anymore whether he was dreaming or being awake. He simply let it go.

Suddenly the world he was in began to change. What was first a richly populated forest, seemed to lose its familiar colours and shapes. Slowly, everything: the trees, rocks, even the leaves, started to deform themselves; their shapes became simpler and the colours intensified.
After a while Antoine discovered there were no more curves left in his vision field: everything was only composed out of straight lines. As he focused more accurately on the lines, he realised the world had turned in an assembly of coloured tiny cubes. Every shape was the result of a number of repeated units, all with the same form: a little upright, perfect cube! Only their colours created a difference between them, although one could find same-looking cubes, with identical colours, in different places, like in a tree or in a stone.

The mystical unity of everything!, he thought with amazement, Everything, including myself, is made out of these cubes, like a 3D extension of a digital picture which is made out of 2D little squares: the pixels! How strange!

Even the sunlight was pouring out little bright-yellow unities that seemed absorbed by the objects they stroke, before being re-emitted with new colours! Myriads of little blue cubes were falling from the sky vault; some of them were reflected; others absorbed by the obstacles they hit.

Antoine’s face immediately brightened when he realised Akira was also there looking at him. He asked himself how he was able to recognise him in this new and awkward appearance: a huge collection of little perfect cubes, all of the same size! There was no difference between the cubes which created his human flesh and the ones which created his clothes! He rapidly found the answer: he could let his imagination build a synthesised picture made out of all these pixels, in the same way that one could see a nice picture even if it was taken with a poor resolution old digital camera. The trick was to look at the picture as a whole at once, not at the details!

Although Antoine couldn’t grasp everything he was experiencing now, he decided to appreciate this stunning new world which was appearing in front of him. He realised that all the lines were strictly horizontal or vertical, not any gradient, slope or any other gradually changing form was visible to smooth the picture! But the pixels were small enough to create a sufficient and acceptable picture of everything. Even the water in the little stream, in the background, was made out of deep blue little cubes intertwining and rolling one around each other, while remaining strictly ordered in an upright position.

Amazing and extremely awkward! What could it mean? He realised he never had a mystical experience like this one before. What could this mean? He tried to rack his brains about it, but no clear answer popped up in his mind; he decided to let it go. This was totally against his nature which always made him scrutinise things he didn’t understand. Amazingly he was now able to let it go and even try to enjoy being in this mystical forest.

He soon started to admire the bright-yellow cubes which derived from the shining sun; these cubes then started to transform in green ones after crossing the leaves, over his head. There were also red ones diffusing from the canopy which Antoine interpreted as a signature of the life force responsible of filling nearly everything in his surroundings. Remarkably, the megalith on which he was sitting emitted little purple cubes; it was a mind-blowing experience for him, this crazy world he was in now, but so beautiful and exhilarating!

Suddenly his thoughts were cut short by an increasing sound of a distinctive voice he recognised. The voice of his friend sounded stately; his words were spoken in a slow and distinctive way which was totally the opposite of how Akira normally spoke. It wasn’t always easy to understand the Japanese physicist: he spoke in a rapid and staccato manner and often mispronounced the accents.

The Japanese scientist materialised; Antoine recognised his friend’s outlines immediately.

“Remember! Everything is discontinuous and anonymous!”, Akira said solemnly in one fluent stream of words. His figure started to vibrate, more and more intensely; his image became fuzzier and finally he disappeared!

Antoine awoke in utter bewilderment, not entirely grasping what he just had experienced. He was hot and cold simultaneously; his forehead was wet and his heart rate was pounding. He grope for his notebook on the night table and managed to find a pencil as well. He had created the habit to keep his little leather book near his bed; he used it as a dream diary since he had discovered how important dreams could function as a guiding tool for him on his spiritual path which he was exploring intensely since some years. In total darkness, he rapidly wrote some words on his notebook:

Pixels, cubes, escaliers, forêt, ruisseau, mégalithe, Akira, message? Discontinu, anonyme…

It was an excellent aid for him to write the key words for remembering his dream; if he didn’t, he would most certainly forget them the next morning.

He tried to relax again and hoped to resume his sleep. But, he couldn’t; his excitement and feverish sensation made this difficult. He tried to focus his mind back to this wonderful megalith place in the Jura; all other thoughts he let go. Then suddenly he was there again, sitting on the rock, the megalith, peacefully.

After a short period of time, he surveyed his surroundings and realised the cubes were becoming smaller and smaller. The world around him slowly transformed in its usual and normal appearance, a wonderful open spot in a forest, with a little stream and crystal clear water running on a bed of round stones.

Antoine started to concentrate on the fast running water; he followed the stream passing all sorts of obstacles like big stones, branches. He noticed a swirl in the stream which made a sort of twisting movement. Although the water was running fast, the circle did not move.The sunlight was bright and he enjoyed streaks of warmth going through every part of his body.The glowing rays of the sun created beautiful sparkling curves in the water that nearly hypnotised the Frenchman; he closed his eyes and tried to blend with the warmth he felt.

But suddenly, like before, the lavish scenery transformed slowly. As he was focusing on the swirl in front of him, he began to lose some perception of his surroundings; everything became vibrant and blurry, just like his Japanese friend did previously just before he disappeared. The swirl, however, remained the same as it was since the beginning: clear and focused. But, when Antoine shifted his glance in different directions, the view which appeared straight in front of him became instantly clear and focused, but the rest of his surroundings lost their appearance and started to vibrate and became fuzzy. It was as if his eyes were stabilising the world as it usually appears, but only in the centre of his sight-field; the peripheral areas of his sight were formless, made of an unknown peculiar material which looked more wavelike than solid. It was like if his glance created a sort of screen on which things looked normal, while everything off-screen did not have any solid reality!

He looked everywhere in order to win the game: Is someone playing with me; someone who creates the world I am perceiving at this moment?

Antoine tried to change his focus target so fast that the gamer he supposed was playing with him did not have time to shift from this peculiar world to the real one: the one we’re accustomed to; but he realised he wasn’t able to beat the hypothetical gamer! After each movement of his eyes, things in front of his view became perfectly clear; the rest was fuzzy, wavelike and vague!

Once more, the retired engineer from Paris decided to let it go and accepted what he was experiencing now without analysing it. He relaxed and abandoned his intense focus on what was in front of him. Instead, he averted his focal point to become aware of all his surroundings at once. He didn’t focus anymore in front of him.

Now he perceived a view of what was above, below or on his sides. It reminded him of a powerful exercise to relax stress he had learned during his yoga classes last year. As consciousness was overflown with a current of information coming at once from everywhere, he had the opportunity to let it go again and started to slowly diminish his mind’s analysis of every perception. After a while, he lost every clear and focused perception; the entire scenery now was a magnificent vibrating drapery of intense colours ever-changing and interfering with one-another.

He remembered Akira’s oriental philosophy which viewed everything in life as part of a unified whole that gave its form and life to the apparent diversity we experience daily; what seemed to us dissociated in our realm, was unified in a deeper one. Am I discovering this realm with this unusual vivid dream? Or is it just a hallucination?

Suddenly a shape started to emerge in front of him, derived from the underlying waves and slowly creating Akira’s appearance. The small Japanese man smiled gently and spoke. In a stately voice, he said:

“Remember! Unobserved reality is unreal, unmanifested and wavelike!”

Suddenly Antoine awoke. Excitedly, he wrote some more words on his notebook:

Vibrations, ondes, interférences, ondes de forme devenant forme dans champ visuel seulement, message: monde ondulatoire irréel si pas observé.

He was overexcited; an euphoric feeling overwhelmed him. When he finished writing the key words he began to think about this odd experience he just had. It seemed more than a dream. He was certain. Definitely. Perhaps it is a sort of revelation! But where was it coming from? He felt it came from his unconsciousness which tried to teach him something important. I should work on that, absolutely!, he promised himself firmly.

Full of excitement, he realised he was not able to retrieve his sleep again. It was already past 4.00 a.m. he noticed. He glanced around and walked over to a small side-table and lit the lamp on it. He decided to sit down on the sofa, but when he gazed up he spotted the large painting he had discovered a couple of days ago. He peered at the cows on the canvas and wondered why this small Japanese physicist popped up so many times already in these unusual dreams he was experiencing during his visit here at Arthur Findlay’s College?
Well, there is one way to find out. I will contact him as soon as possible when I’ll be back home in Paris! Perhaps we could catch up and discuss the meaning of these weird dreams; maybe Akira could explain!

At this moment he was too tired to analyse his dreams thoroughly. He tried to find a relaxed position on the sofa and closed his eyes, trying to imagine himself being part of the framed natural scenery which was depicted in front of him. And suddenly he was there!

He kept quiet as he realised he was at two places at once! He was aware of his body comfortably sitting on the sofa, and at the same time, walking in a flowery meadow, bordered by a forest, where some cows were grazing. He was sure it wasn’t just an ordinary dream… it was reality! There was no clue which he could use to differentiate what he was experiencing now and the so-called reality! The engineer didn’t understand how and why this was happening to him.

At the moment he was able to keep calm he got an intuitive notion he was in fact standing on top of the Large Hadron Collider of the CERN complex which circled underneath below his feet at almost one hundred meters. He imagined the protons hurling at nearly the speed of light in this 27 km ring.

And again, the world around him changed! Everything started to move, faster and faster, with an immensely powerful acceleration; he syntonised instinctually with the protons as if he was one of these. He was levitating but didn’t feel any sensation of movement. Amazingly he kept a correct sight of the scenery: normally things will become blurry in fast movement, but oddly in this situation, it wasn’t!

It was as if everything around him was illuminated by a stroboscope which flashed at an extremely high frequency; and for a split second each time it flashed, the scenery looked as if it didn’t move at all. It was a sensation which resembled a running car’s wheels in a movie which seemed motionless or turning in the wrong side. Antoine could now perfectly distinguish a cow near him. Obviously the frequencies of his spinning turns and of the stroboscope were fine-tuned, so the cow was clearly distinguishable!

He wondered immediately whether Akira would appear again here in the meadow, but he didn’t. At that moment Antoine concentrated on the scene in front of him and was surprised to notice that everything became distorted! The cow lost her shape; the animal was shrunken in an odd and peculiar way; she became more and more narrow with time! But only in one direction: the spinning one. Her height remained the same as before, only her length was shrinking!

He asked himself if it was a consequence of the speed and after a few moments, the answer to this question manifested in his mind. He remembered space and time were relative and it explained the change in the cow’s shape. If the animal wore a watch around its leg, the cow would probably discover also that, for her, time was running slower than for himself: a consequence of Einstein’s Relativity. He reckoned the animal was walking very slowly, as if in a movie which slows down every motion.

But why do I experience a lucid dream like this? He examined the cow more accurately and discovered that he couldn’t say whether she was uniformly transparent: actually her image was pulsating, beginning with a very thin haze which had a cow’s figure, but becoming gradually more precise and denser until it looked like a distorted, but genuine cow for a very brief instant, and the process repeated itself, again and again… at an ever faster rate! The animal seemed to be recreated at a hugely fast rate from nothing, to a shrunken but focused and dense figure! And amazingly there he was again: his Japanese friend Akira!

The small man stood on his side, in front of the whirling scenery behind him, at ease like himself, with no effect on their bodies of this huge speed they were experiencing. The stately voice called again and said in a low tone:

“Remember! Time and space are just interdependent coordinates in a four dimensional universe!”

At that moment, Antoine found himself on the sofa again, sweaty and a bit disorientated, but he realised immediately his other body had suddenly disappeared from his mind! The usual urge he had to take some notes was gone; this experience of a vivid lucid dream was so clear it was glued on his mind. A cold chill decided him to get up from the sofa and return to his warm bed; perhaps he could get some sleep before his alarm clock would go off for another busy day at Arthur Findlay’s College.


It’s a remarkable synchronicity that has certainly influenced my life from the early thirties to my seventies, today!

I was finishing a thesis in molecular biology; certainly the branch of biology closest to the triumphant assurance of physicists… Not only was I “doing” science, but “I was” a scientist convinced that only the Method that had proved its worth over 4 centuries could explain the world if we used it correctly. Philosophy and religion seemed to me to be largely overwhelmed by the power of science.

Fortunately, I favoured experimental objectivity over preconceived ideas. I became interested in Jung’s work and in particular in the concept of the collective unconscious. I imagined the possibility that it could be the result of natural selection during our evolution, an idea that is of course compatible with science. However, I could not accept Stanislav Grof’s concept of transpersonal communication; I found it incompatible with the image of the world forged by science; Grof’s hypothesis seemed to me to be more a matter of magic than science.

Jung and Pauli’s joint work on synchronicity intrigued me and I tried to find a model for it that was compatible with science. I was certain of the intelligence and scientific integrity of both authors, which forced me to overcome the easy rejection of a concept that did not fit clearly into the scientific image of the world. Passionate about the Method, I tried to apply it to experiment with the reality of synchronicity. An approach whose naivety only appeared to me much later!

I had found an amazing text by Jung; it referred to the Yi-Jing that I didn’t know at all. “Anyone who has experienced like me the joy of experiencing the divinatory power of the Yi-Jing {…} cannot fail to see in the long run that we are touching there a point of Archimedes from which our attitude of Western mind can be taken out of its hinges
Carl Gustav Jung; (Comment on the Mystery of the Golden Flower)

Intrigued, the continuation of my readings led me to the preface that Jung had made for the English translation of his friend Richard Wilhelm’s Yi-Jing. Jung says he questions the Yi-Jing and convinces himself that he is answering him in a sensible way!

How?! Handling yarrow stems at random, discovering an aphorism that was at least 30 centuries old, lost in an incomprehensible grimoire, coming from a culture at the opposite ends of the earth, which refers to Neolithic ancestors, to their esoteric practices… But the admiration for the Experimental Method was stronger than my logic-deductive reticence… and I decided to do like Jung and question the Yi-Jing in my turn.

The book bought, the grass sticks prepared, I imagine a question and scrupulously observe the obscure protocol presented by Wilhelm. And I get an answer. I forgot that answer; I even forgot the question… but I can never forget the rest!

With the presumption of a convinced scientist, and certainly very naive, I exploit the Method and ask the same question to verify the reproducibility of the experiment. And I draw hexagram 4 “Youthful madness” which reveals, among other things,” (…) It is not me who is looking for the young madman, it is the young madman who is looking for me. At the first oracle, I inform. If he asks two, three times, it’s unwelcome. If it is unwelcome I do not inform (…)!

Amazed, paralyzed by the relevance of the moment, discovering synchronicity with my gut, I saw before me a great door opening towards the unknown, and closing behind me, a whole vision of the world instinctively accepted as obvious, beyond any questioning…! Indeed, on that day, my “Western attitude of mind” came out of control! And since that day I have respectfully questioned the old sage who has been advising me for more than 4 decades.

Thus it is possible to voluntarily provoke synchronicities, events of the material world (the drawing of a hexagram) and significantly related to the mind (the relevance of the answer); as if we were living in a Great Game rather than in the middle of a material universe, empty and cold. Synchronicity gives us a different perspective, as if we could access a point of view in a higher dimension, so to speak. It becomes possible to obtain information beyond the reach of our senses. That this is possible profoundly questions our vision of the world and in particular our vision of space and time.

Always passionate about science, I have sought to integrate its discoveries and the reality of synchronicity into a new image of reality. This quest for another paradigm began with a thorough re-reading of the very strange results of relativistic and quantum physics. I realized that they were surprising because they were incompatible with the materialist paradigm, and that they suggested another image of the world, closer to the one that Eastern philosophies have developed for centuries, than the one we inherited from the 19th century.

The synchronicities brought me so much that I wanted to present the results of my research to anyone who could be interested, without prior scientific training. For this reason I published: “A scientist in search of the soul” who presents to the reader the amazing discoveries of modern physics and biology, so that he can build by himself, a new image of the world compatible with the reality of synchronicity. An objective analysis of the astounding results of science makes it possible to broaden our concepts until we begin to imagine a world in which matter acquires properties that bring it closer to consciousness. Here are some quotes from physicists that clearly challenge our materialistic image of reality.

« The universe is of the nature of a thought or sensation in a universal Mind… To put the conclusion crudely—the stuff of the world is mind-stuff. » Sir Arthur Eddington (1928).

« The stream of human knowledge is heading towards a non-mechanical reality. The universe begins to look more like a great thought than a great machine. Mind no longer appears to be an accidental intruder into the realm of matter. We are beginning to suspect that we ought rather to hail it as the creator and governor of this realm. » Sir James Jeans (1930).

« There is no matter as such – mind is the matrix of all matter. » Max Planck (1944)

« I think that modern physics has definitely decided in favor of Plato. In fact the smallest units of matter are, in fact, not physical objects in the ordinary sense of the word; they are forms, structures or – in Plato’s sense – Ideas, which can unambiguously spoken of only in the language of mathematics. » Werner Heisenberg (1958).

« The illusion of matter, which is to say the illusion of a really-existing world, is so strong, that I think most scientists are unable to overcome it. It took me decades to finally realize that this is not a joke, and that the universe is purely mental: that mind is fundamental; matter merely an illusion—and that this is physics, not philosophy (or religion). » Richard Conn Henry (2013).

My research has totally changed my philosophy and the re-enchantment of the world we live in today has become compatible with Stanislav Grof’s concept of transpersonal communication that I rejected in my youth.


Time is not what it used to be! From absolute and universal, it is now elastic and relative! Thus relativistic physics teaches us that the same event will be perceived by Alice one day and by Bob another day!

montre-molle-dali copie Source

The objects we discover around us no longer have intrinsic and defined characteristics, but their properties depend on the interactions they have with us or other objects! Thus quantum physics teaches us that an interaction has more reality than the object that interacts!

De_Relatif copie Source

A dice that travels near light-speed would appear deformed (up) if you’re immobile, but normal (down) if you travel along it!

Quantum physics discovers a strange dualism. The particles that build the universe belong to another place… beyond the concepts of space and time; beyond the fundamental characteristics we attribute to reality! The world described by the most ardent defenders of Cartesianism – the physicists – finally seems closer to the one in which some alchemists lived than to the empty universe to which some seem to cling obstinately. The wall Descartes erected between matter and spirit is no longer as justified as it was until the beginning of the 20th century. Matter and consciousness are getting closer! Realism has been obsolete for 4 decades now and we have not yet adapted our image of the world to these results! Why?

Probably because this new Copernican revolution will be more shocking than the first! But above all because the discoveries that announce it are so strange and absurd for common sense that they are difficult to spread, even in the scientific community! These surprising discoveries did not have the response we would have expected. Why?

Perhaps because of the extreme discomfort of some physicists who are still waiting for a savior of Realism; a genius of Einstein’s caliber who never agreed to give up before the absurdity of the image of the world revealed by modern physics.

dice copie Source

Einstein never accepted that God plays dice… but He does!

But Einstein failed to save Realism… and since his disappearance the results have not ceased to prove him wrong! Realism is well outdated; the paradigm that science, born in the 17th century, has given itself and which has allowed it to transform the world in a way that no civilization has ever done before; the discovery of the nature of the universe through the analysis of the objects we perceive; the method that carefully separates the subject who perceives and the object studied… is unable to explain experimental facts.

A new universe is gradually being revealed, probably more confusing for us than Copernicus’ universe was for his contemporaries! The emerging science then began, without suspecting it, a long process of divorce between man and the world. For centuries her approach has gradually suffocated any search for meaning in man’s participation in the universe, to the point of assigning him an insignificant place in a foreign, immense and cold space… And now she seems to reach the end of a cycle when at the beginning of the 20th century she begins to discover links as deep and significant as unexpected between the subject who studies – us – and the object observed – the universe! These discoveries have deeply disturbed physicists who still do not agree today on their interpretation, although it has been proven for 4 decades that our image of the world should be radically rethought!

Physicists struggle to make the results they cannot explain sufficiently clear to the public. Yet a Copernican revolution should include everyone. Everyone should be able to participate in the search for a new paradigm since an image of the world is the foundation of our relationship with it and the image we have of ourselves.

Fortunately, it is possible to appropriate the complex results of modern physics and biology with curiosity and the resulting motivation as the only tools.



Chronicles of a Scientific, Philosophical and Spiritual Adventure, Looking for Keys to Understand the Nature of Matter and Life.


This book provides keys that the reader is invited to appropriate to build his own image of the world by using the results acquired by Western science as well as the perspectives opened by Eastern philosophies. These keys make it possible to understand the immense strangeness of the world depicted by physicists interested in the macrocosm (relativist and astrophysical physics) and the microcosm (quantum physics); they provide avenues for reflection that would shed light on the reasons why Western civilization and the scientific method in particular have moved away from the original sources of intuition that other civilizations seem to have preserved; they finally expose the reasons why contemporary physicists discover the interest of tools that seem to associate psyche with the material world.

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I imagined presenting contemporary science with its method and discoveries so that any reader could benefit from it with his interest in the subject as his only baggage. The tools chosen to achieve this objective are as follows:

– the presentation of observations and experiments that everyone can easily carry out to appropriate the subject in a concrete way;
– the assimilation of the reader into the conduct of physics and biology experiments described in clear language and in sufficient detail to give the impression that he himself is doing them in the company of his physicist or biologist guide;
– the presentation and analysis of controversies and interpretations as varied as they are surprising, discussed among physicists;

The reader is invited to experiment by himself with the tools provided. The approach adopted is that of the fundamental scientific method, i.e. the search for a personal and rational conviction through observation, experimentation and critical analysis. Reflections on this knowledge should help the reader to build or adapt his or her image of the world to the often disturbing results of today’s science.

The last part of the book begins a reflection on the proposals of C.G. Jung and W. Pauli on synchronicity and its application to Yi-Jing and presents its potential utility as a tool for personal development.

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Psychiatrist C. G. JUNG and physicist W. Pauli worked together for 28 years and created the concept of synchronicity that links matter to mind and meaning.

Jung and Pauli tried to understand the common sources of matter and thought. They hoped to find a new way of acquiring knowledge, a new way that would benefit both rational and intuitive qualities. They did not really succeed in their endeavours, but their research made a very interesting comparison between the models of the world and ourselves that Western scientific culture offers us on the one hand and Chinese culture on the other. The latter is probably the one that for more than 6000 years has been best rooted in one of the aspects of our nature that we have forgotten: the source of intuition. Their results deserve to be recalled at a time when physics and biology are discovering completely unexpected facets of the world within the conceptual framework of the last century and which seem to support their research.
This book describes the power of the scientific method when it seeks to explain the world, but also the interest in associating it with intuition when seeking its meaning. The approach seeks to re-associate reason and intuition by taking seriously the strange models offered by science and history.

Perhaps the happiest effect of this book is the reasoned conviction that the matter that makes us is not as raw and inert as the paradigm inherited from 4 centuries of science postulates. It is dual; its properties suggest certain characteristics that we attribute to consciousness! And objective experimentation reveals to us a human personality much larger than that which the flesh alone gives us! Modern physics opens the doors to a dialogue with our soul!

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Modern science seems to re-enchant the world!





« Anyone like myself, who has had the rare good fortune to experience in a spiritual exchange with Wilhelm, the divinatory power of the I Ching, cannot for long remain ignorant of the fact that we have touched here an Archimedean point from which our Western attitude of mind can be shaken to its foundations. » Carl Gustav JUNG: (Comments on “The Secret Of The Golden Flower.”: Appendix: “In Memory of Richard Wilhelm”.)


How can that be?! To manipulate some straws randomly, to discover an aphorism at least thirty centuries old, lost in an abstruse spell book from a polar opposite culture that refers to neolithic ancestors, to their esoteric rituals… and to find yourself stunned, paralyzed by the suitability of the moment, to understand synchronicity with your gut, to see in front of your way a door that opens towards the unknown and another door shutting behind you on a world vision you instinctively admitted as obvious, beyond any question…! It is an understatement to say: « we have touched here an Archimedean point from which our Western attitude of mind can be shaken to its foundations. »

A synchronicity discovered 4 decades ago, repeated regularly and as staggeringly relevant today than before.

So, even as incredible it may be, it is possible to trigger synchronicities voluntarily, as if we were living in a Great Game and not in a material world, as if we could call upon a Joker to see things differently, from a superior dimension, in a way.

So great an incoherence between the experienced event and the world we perceive – the current paradigm – requires an explanation, a new look on the basis of reality as we can understand them. And the amazement repeats itself, again and again, as we discover the deep disruption initiated by the Theory of Relativity then Quantum Mechanics. To the happy surprise of Jung the physicists answer with deep confusion:

« The great extension of our experience in recent years has brought light to the insufficiency of our simple mechanical conceptions and, as a consequence, has shaken the foundation on which the customary interpretation of observation was based.»
« Everything we call real is made of things that cannot be regarded as real. » Niels BOHR

« Whatever matter is, it isn’t made of matter.» Hans Peter DÜRR

« […] the nineteenth century […] saw a certain divorce taking place between scientists and philosophers […] But such a separation could only be prejudicial both to philosophy and to science […] many scientists of the present day, victims of an ingenuous realism, almost without perceiving it, have adopted a certain metaphysics of a materialistic and mechanistic character and have regarded it as the very expression of scientific truth. One of the great services that the recent evolution of physics has rendered contemporary thought, is that it has destroyed this simplified metaphysics, and with the same stroke has caused certain traditional philosophical problems to be considered in an entirely new light. Thereby the way has been prepared for a reconciliation between science and philosophy […]» Louis de BROGLIE

« The more success the quantum Theory has, the sillier it looks!» Albert EINSTEIN

« Do not keep saying to yourself, if you can possibly avoid it, ‘But how can it be like that?’ because you will get ‘down the drain’, into a blind alley from which nobody has yet escaped. Nobody knows how it can be like that.»
« The theory of quantum electrodynamics describes Nature as absurd from the point of view of common sense. And it agrees fully with experiment. So I hope you accept Nature as She is — absurd.» Richard FEYNMAN


No need to quote all the physicists deeply destabilized by their discoveries. Many became schizophrenic in a way: handling elegantly and successfully the foundations of reality in their laboratories, but immersing again in the worn-out paradigm in everyday life! Even if they are perfectly aware that it gives us a deeply false idea of reality! Four centuries of scientific discoveries led Science to be soaked by Physicalism:

There is only one realm and not two as postulated by Descartes. Reality is made of matter only and matter obeys the Laws of Physics; everything else comes from emergence. The material brain secretes thoughts as the liver secretes bile! There is no such thing as a spiritual realm that is distinguishable from the material realm; the soul is an overused concept. The scientific paradigm, the absolute frame in which every rational spirit has to be, is a Materialistic and Realistic Monism.

But this is old stuff! Twenty’s century Science destroyed what ninety’s century Science thought to have found! And physicists, maybe too much disturbed, didn’t succeed to communicate their conclusions.

« Galileo was able to educate the world to understand that the Earth goes around the Sun … yet physicists today have utterly failed to inform the public to understanding the purely mental nature of the universe with all that that implies for the meaning of human existence. That is a tragedy, and it should be rectified. I wish I knew how.» Richard Conn HENRY

So Jung’s amazement is far from lone; it reverberates among the specialists of the real world, as a myriad of images mirrored from one-another. And things go on as before: business as usual!

But we need rethink our paradigm; we need instinctly to rely on a paradigm since it is the only way we have to understand the world we live in and, therefore, to survive in it.

This Blog tries to think about the features of the new world view we’re meant to find. A paradigm in which we could take for ourselves the discoveries of physicists, but also the discoveries of Eastern philosophies and of mystics that help to understand what Science has to say. Indeed, Science and Spirituality can be associated to help us in this quest for reality.

« SIMULISM: Are we living in a virtual reality? » is a pdf file that takes advantage of hypertext to separate presentations from deepening and makes very easy looking for definitions, complements… on the Net.


The File can be downloadable here.

A « Print-friendly » version is available here.


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All along this time, explanations become complex, overcomplicated… but resist until the environment becomes favourable to the great jump.”



Today Descartes’ ingenuous idea that is at the origin of our scientific culture seems obvious. But it is the result of its great success; four centuries of discoveries and innumerable applications opening new perspectives overshadow the revolutionary concept that led Descartes to distinguish matter from what is immaterial: the realm of objects that occupy space from the other that is invisible because it belongs to pure thought. Before Descartes the universe was alive; animals could be prosecuted because of inadequate behaviour; a natural disaster could be assigned to a malevolent intention that could bring its author to be burned at the stake: the paradigm of these days allowed magic to act on the material world by the thought only. It was obviously impossible to acquire objective and reliable knowledge about a material world that was subject to somebody’s intentions.

But Descartes built an impervious wall between matter and thought, while admitting as an aside a mysterious link that should remain secret! He created the scientific methodology in order to apply mathematical logic to the search for reliable answers to questions we could ask about the material world only; which doesn’t remove for him the importance of the immaterial realm which constitutes a specific attribute of our species. Animals became machines unable to think and our body also. But he postulates an immaterial soul that is a gift from the creator and which is our true nature. It is our soul that gives us free-choice, reason, emotions… and manages our material organism.

Due to the success of the scientific methodology, the philosophers who became scientists, changed progressively their world’s image. At the end of the 19th century the cartesian Dualism turned into a Materialistic Monism: only matter is real and thoughts emerge from the material brain; the soul fades out! Because of concentrating on quantifiable objects and procedures, scientists materialise the realm of thoughts, in a way. They become convinced that an adequate analysis of the quantifiable workings of a brain could open one day the immaterial realm to science. We could enter in one’s thoughts in a way, and, why not, build thinking robots.

But this view confuses correlations with causality! It isn’t because a measurable electrical activity in a specific area of a brain is correlated with an emotion or a thought that it necessarily is its cause! Nothing forbids it to be only a consequence of the emotion or the thought! We would find the same correlation if Henry Bergson was right and the brain would only be a sort of antenna able to pick up thoughts out of an immaterial realm, but able to trigger physical reactions in our material world.

« A cloth is joint to the nail to which it is hooked; it falls if the nail is pulled up; it moves if the nail moves (…) it doesn’t follow that every feature of the nail corresponds to a feature of the cloth, neither that the nail is the same as the cloth; and even less so that the nail and the cloth are one only thing. » Matter and Memory: 1896

What would Descartes think if he could come back today? Would he accept a Materialistic Monism?

The loss of Dualism would not be the only source of amazement for Descartes. He would surely be very amazed by the modification of our civilisation’s values.


For a result to be considered as scientific, it shouldn’t be dependent on the subject who found it; the experimenter has to become insignificant since, in an ideal world, even an appropriately programmed robot should be able to achieve exactly the same results in the absence of any human. And after four centuries of letting the experimenter become insignificant, the scientists in their great majority, finished by loosing all significance to the world, life and humanity! The scientists forget that this insignificance was only part of the methodology and not a reality.

« The scientific world-picture vouchsafes a very complete understanding of all that happens — it makes it just a little too understandable. It allows you to imagine the total display as that of a mechanical clockwork which, for all that science knows, could go on just the same as it does, without there being consciousness, will, endeavor, pain and delight and responsibility connected with it — though they actually are. And the reason for this disconcerting situation is just this: that for the purpose of constructing the picture of the external world, we have used the greatly simplifying device of cutting our own personality out, removing it; hence it is gone, it has evaporated, it is ostensibly not needed.

In particular, and most importantly, this is the reason why the scientific worldview contains of itself no ethical values, no esthetic values, not a word about our own ultimate scope or destination, and no God, if you please. Whence came I and whither go I? » Nature and the Greeks (1954) Erwin Schrödinger.

What would Descartes think of this evolution if he could come back today?!


Even if he his in good part at the origin of the scientific methodology, Descartes would perhaps be amazed to discover how much it shapes today our Western Culture. He would acknowledge the soundness of his choice and would enthusiastically discover our world. To concentrate on the material realm only and to consider it as real, independently of the observer, led to astounding discoveries that shape today a completely different world than the one he lived in.

Astrophysics would show him a series of copernican revolutions that followed the first one he experienced: the Earth just abandoned its privileged position in the center of the universe in favour of the Sun. Which conserved the place until the beginning of the 20th century when, abruptly, it was found lost on the fringe of a branch of a gigantic galaxy, itself relativized between billions of other ones in an immensely large universe.

Descartes would be glad to understand how much his postulate was potentially rich. The exploration of the physical reality showed how far it is from the picture our common sense gives us. Einstein’s space-time is not what common sense tells it is. Common sense fools us! The world we perceive and understand instinctively is not the real world discovered by scientists! The latter remains completely incomprehensible, even to the physicists who describe it! They can only understand the abstract mathematics that describe its nature, but can’t understand their discoveries through their common sense that isn’t a faithful counselor for this question.

Since the beginning of the 20th century there is an accumulation of very disturbing results that profoundly defy the world’s image we live in!

« Is it possible that Nature is as absurd as it seems in these atomic experimentations? » Werner Heisenberg: Physics and Philosophy: 1958.

Space and Time are the absolute fundamental foundations of the world we perceive and in which we live. This world’s image is so rich, precise and real that we forget it is subjective only! It is totally created in our brain out of myriads of perceptions that are dissected, analyzed then coded by our sense organs, in a totally automatic and unconscious way. Nearly always this subjective image is exquisitely well adapted to our needs in order to live in the best possible conditions in the real world. Rarely do we observe a discrepancy between our image and reality; for this to happen we have to induce our senses in error through optical or hearing illusions…

The foundations on which our common sense relies to understand the world lost their solidity: space and time became relative! They are elastic; and therefore they are not perceived similarly by everyone! An event can take place before another one for an observer and after the same one for another observer! What a profound abnormality! Descartes’ method let us build a logic world but how weird… very far from what our common sense teaches us unconsciously, beginning with our birth and even beyond since our world’s image is shaped by the culture and the discoveries of our ancestors.

« The hope that new experiments will lead us back to objective events in time and space is about as well founded as the hope of discovering the end of the world in the unexplored regions of the Antarctic. Some physicists would prefer to come back to the idea of an objective real world whose smallest parts exist objectively in the same sense as stones or trees exist independently of whether we observe them. This however is impossible. » Werner Heisenberg Physics and Philosophy: 1958


We feel we live in the world, but actually we live in an image of the world. And this image is a model only; a map, not a territory! A legacy from birth continuously enriched by experience through the working behind the scene of an instinctive engine that nourishes the common sense.

Natural selection favours the individuals best adapted to perform a fast and adequate analysis out of the informations perceived from the environment. It doesn’t favour the most « real », the most true perception of the world, but the most useful one! Our perception organs display an infinitesimal and flawed part of a hypothetical reality that only science and philosophy can help us to imagine… partly.

Let’s identify with our brain for a while. It is enclosed in a dark box, well protected from the world in which it has the responsibility to adapt us in the best possible way. But only myriads of short electrical impulses enter the brain, coming from specialized cells reacting to light, pressure, specific molecules… The environment has to be reconstructed out of electrical impulses that will be decoded then associated through huge neural networks in charge of giving a meaning to them. The brain is a superb engine working in order to give meaning through a spate of prioritised associations that we begin to imitate through Artificial Intelligence. The brain’s vital goal is to understand our environment in the fastest and best possible way; it must be able to react rapidly and fittingly. To do that, it works out perceptions to build a map of the world and compare it with what instincts and experience can offer in order to give it a meaning. The result is the common sense that is neither objective, nor universal, even if we feel instinctively that it is. Common sense is responsible for our survival, not for giving us an exhaustive and truthful image of an hypothetical reality outside us.

An event that isn’t compatible with our world’s image is felt as very disturbing, even frightful! The first reaction would be a rejection of it in the world already well known, a tentative to bring back everything in an understandable and predictable world in favor of survival.

Scientists are maybe the most prone to reject disturbing events because they are trained to be critical in their work. A critical mind is one of the fundamentals of the scientific methodology but it can be sterilizing if one doesn’t take in account an instinctive rejection of what isn’t compatible with common sense. Sometimes this reaction is so powerful that it becomes contrary to the scientific methodology that puts experience before theory!

«Doubting is fruitful, at the condition of doubting about ones doubt. » Didier Norton.


After trying very hard to find a solution without success, Max Planck publishes an equation adapted to what physicists find in their experiments but completely absurd! The equation suggests that energy quantities can only change according to whole natural numbers: 1, 2, 3…

The date is december 1900. Planck doesn’t really believe he found a real solution to the problem, just a tentative way to describe mathematically what remains incomprehensible for the common sense. He is convinced physicists will find a way to bring understanding to their discoveries. But physicist continue to find results defying the common sense… until today; and nothing seems to give hope in finding a sensible explanation in the future!

We perceive a continuous world when physicists discover a quantized world, pixellized in a way! In the world of atoms and molecules there is no slopes, only stairs! A particle that looses or gains energy does so abruptly, disappearing from a stair step at once and appearing on another stair step immediately, never finding itself in between! Profound abnormality!

Matter which builds reality and us with it, is 99,999999999999% emptiness! It seems solid but isn’t really. Electrons repel violently each other and a mysterious law forbids two of them to have the same attributes; that’s why matter seems hard, but it is essentially void! Profound abnormality!

Common sense allows to measure at once the position and the velocity of a vehicle. It’s impossible to know at once and precisely these two properties for particles or atoms. Whatever means implemented, each progress towards more precision in one property will automatically diminish the precision on the other one. Profound abnormality!

Common sense lets us understand the movement of a stone thrown towards a pond then the waves on the surface of the water after the splash. A stone occupies a defined space when a wave can potentially cover a very large space. Nothing is more different from a particle than a wave! But particles, atoms, molecules… every matter is at once particulate and wavy, depending on the way the observer measures it! Profound abnormality!

Common sense convinces us that the Moon is in the sky even if nobody looks at it. But in the world of atoms and molecules nothing is real unless it is observed! Only an interaction with a tool able to measure them can give them the characteristic we find indispensable in order to describe a real object: movement, direction, spin… Profound abnormality!

Common sense convinces us that an empty box contains nothing, not even air if it has been pumped out. Nevertheless physicists discover that the void is full of energy and virtual particles that appear then disappear continuously. Profound abnormality!

Time and space seem to have nothing in common. We live in a space described by a length, a width, a depth in which objects exist through time that flows from past to future. Yet time and space can’t be separated and are part of a forth dimension that we can’t perceive as such. Profound abnormality!


In his fundamental work in 1962, the historian of sciences: Thomas Kühn, described how scientists agree implicitly on a blueprint that will circumscribe their imagination and in which they will be able to understand their results. This agreement is implicit because it is the world’s image built instinctively. Einstein already, before Kühn, understood that in reality theory came before experiments, and not the other way out as scientific rationality would suggest!

Heisenberg told how astonished he has been when Einstein notified exactly the reverse of what he expected! They were walking after a lecture given by Heisenberg about his experiments on quantum physics; Einstein didn’t agree with their interpretation. It’s much later that Heisenberg understood with Einstein how much the inspiration, the choice of an experimental protocol… are linked implicitly but powerfully, to the conceptual blueprint in which the theoretician or the experimentalist finds himself. This frame became the paradigm described by Kühn and it directs the way we understand the world in which we evolve. With other world’s images, other ideas would have inspired the theoreticians and the experimentalists. Other attributes would have been tested to give, eventually, very different conclusions than the ones that are dominant today!

To change a paradigm takes much time, notably because it is difficult to act on the fundamental instincts that make us able to understand our environment: the world’s image we inherited at birth and then through our experience and our culture. Abnormalities accumulate… They are prone to complicated explanations. Ptolemaïc ancient Greece understood the planets orbits through very complicated epicycles… and the copernican revolution greatly simplified this understanding.

Much time and an accumulation of disturbing abnormalities are needed to prepare a leap in the dark: a new world’s image: a new paradigm has to be ready. It is like if a fish had to jump out of its jar: it could survive only if a new aquarium were ready near the old one. Time is needed to prepare, enrich and consolidate a new paradigm before becoming able to accept the drastic changes of the world’s image that our instinct leads us to build. All along this time, explanations become complex, overcomplicated… but resist until the environment becomes favourable to the great jump.

The copernican solution to the weirdness of the planets’ orbits took time because a paradigm had to be changed. The Earth wasn’t anymore in the center of the universe: the Sun took its place. And Copernic then Kepler tried this solution to simplify their calculations of the orbits.

Today, physicists are still puzzled, more than a century after the creation of Quantum Mechanics in 1900 and Bohr’s atom in the 1920s. They try to understand the shoking abnormalities that accumulated continuously since a century. They try to understand their experimental results in a way that is compatible with the understanding of the nature of reality given by our common sense: a material world made of discrete particles with specific properties. Specific properties that shouldn’t be modified by non-local events; objective properties that shouldn’t be prone to modifications resulting from observation only; particles that shouldn’t change their state without being touched, heated, illuminated… The problems began especially from the moment the results of experiments weren’t anymore compatible with the cartesian separation between object and subject!


Even if the Quantum Disruption began more than a century now, there are still some physicists who hope that a savior will one day dissolve the abnormalities displayed in the microcosm in the classicism of the macrocosm! Yet these abnormalities accumulate, especially since the second half of the 20th century. Since some physicists decided to explore the weird microcosm with critical eye but open mind to a change of paradigm.

While waiting for a savior who will bring back the microcosm in the reassuring materiality of the macrocosm, some physicists call upon a Multiverse in which an infinity of universes would explain that, by chance only, we live in the only one in which all physical constants are particularly adapted to the apparition of life and intelligence. They seem to forget that, in order to eliminate the disturbing dualism between the quantum and the classical worlds, to dilute the weirdness of an universe born from nothing… they postulate an infinity of universes! All born from nothing too, of course!

But if we remain objective and open-minded, we are brought to accept the abnormalities and reconsider our paradigm because it can’t take them into account. What are the principal abnormalities that we discussed in the first part of this work?

– The world isn’t continuous but made out of quanta of matter-energy, and probably of quanta of time and space as well.

– There is no absolute simultaneity: two events that are simultaneous for an observer can appear differently for another observer. Space and time are differently elastic for different observers.

– The properties of an object measured by an observer depend of his experimental choices: they have no independent reality; absolute objectivity is impossible.

– We can describe the evolution of the properties of an object through space and time after having measured them. But the equation we use has to do with wave functions which can interfere in a way we cannot understand in our world composed of material particles. These equations bring in weird unreal mathematical objects like the square root of -1. And finally, these equations give us only probabilities, never certainties: only a physical measure will give the values looked for.

«But if the ultimate physical reality corresponds to the wave function, then what sort of beast is a wave function? What’s made of? What’s Hilbert space made of? As far as we know, nothing: they seem to be purely mathematical objects! » Max Tegmark “Our Mathematical Universe”: 2014

– We can’t find all the properties of an object with great precision. When the precision on one property grows, the precision on a conjugate one diminishes.

– Objects can behave as if they were entangled in a-local and a-temporal relationship. As if there were a parallel reality conjugated to ours and through which objects could be linked without being separated by space and time.

– Matter and energy are two different and exchangeable forms of the same reality. With its form as energy field, matter seems to be defined but not manifested. It’s only when there are interactions that matter-energy manifests itself with measurable properties.

«This idea that there’s a bunch of numbers at each point in space-time is quite deep, and I think it’s telling us something not merely about our description of reality, but about reality itself (…) a field is just this: something represented by numbers at each point in space-time. » Max Tegmark “Our Mathematical Universe”: 2014

Galileo was the first to describe the universe through its language: mathematics. Four centuries of discoveries lead to the description of the nature of the universe: mathematic! It’s not only a convenient way to describe it: mathematics has become the fundamental reality of the universe, as Plato or Pythagorus thought it was!

And yet we perceive a real physical world with plenty of different sensations, very far from abstract mathematical formulas; how come? It’s probably due to the new dualism: the association between a fundamental purely mathematical reality which calculates the reality that is ours: the physical one.


Descartes’s dualism helped create Science but has been deeply shaken up by it afterwards. First, dualism melt in a materialistic monism, then reappeared in the inescapable duality that separates the quantum world from the classical one. But this new duality is unsharp; it isn’t really defined by an objective boundary between the microcosm (the realm of particles, atoms, molecules…) and the macrocosm (the world we perceive in our everyday life). Interactions are continuous through the two realms; the conditions in which the measurements are made are more important than the size of the object that is measured. The order with which the measurements are made determine the evolution of the wave function that describes the quantum object. The dualism that distinguish microcosm from macrocosm doesn’t make a difference between the objects that take a place in space and time from the ones that exist only in the realm of thoughts. The observer and his consciousness seem to intervene in the determination of quantum properties. This new duality that separates the quantum world from the classical one has to be placed in a very different context than the one Descartes chose four centuries ago.

The microcosm doesn’t show definite properties unless it is observed. It evolves in a completely different reality than we do. Space and time aren’t the obstacles they are in our realm. What we perceive as well defined objects in our reality (Physical Reality) seem to manifest themselves out of another reality we can describe with mathematics (Mathematical Reality) involving imaginary numbers and wave functions. In this weird realm objects evolve and interfere in a way only waves could interfere in our realm.

(Quantum phenomena) « support the view that non-material principles can steer the material world. » Antoine Suarez; http://www.quantumphil.org

Thus the realm of objects that occupy space and time isn’t the fundamental realm, but depends on a realm in which space and time haven’t the reality we find for them in ours. In the fundamental reality space and time have only a mathematical existence. Reciprocally, the mathematical properties that describe physical objects can be influenced by the events that happen to them in the physical world. It is no more possible to separate the world of objects from the world of thoughts as Descartes did. Today Physics describes two worlds that aren’t separated from one another as Descartes postulated, because the one we perceive is a reflection from the other, itself under the influence of the first. The world that seems concrete to us – and which is, in a sense – seems to arise out of another, purely mathematical one. Physicist David Bohm named the world we perceive « the Explicite Reality » that is an emanation from another one: « the Implicite Reality ». Plato defined our world as the one of shadows that depends on another world which is the true reality.

Some philosophies (Hinduism, Yoga…) describe this duality between a reality that is manifested, thus perceived, but secondary to a fundamental reality that isn’t manifested, although it has enough properties to be considered as real. An image of this duality could be found in Physics’ concept of matter-energy fields. Empty space can potentially act on a specific object that moves through it, as if space is structured in a way that can express itself only in specific conditions: A non-manifested (Implicite) versus manifested (Explicite) dualism. The world we perceive would be an illusion built out of a deeper but not-manifested reality.

Simulism could explain such a quantum dualism. Perceived reality would be the result of calculations that are displayed only when there is an interaction with a physical (material) or organic (living) object. It’s the collapse of the wave function introduced by the « School of Copenhagen ». Perceived reality is relational and isn’t based on objects with physical properties independent from the act of perception. What we perceive as independent objects defined by specific properties are only limited expressions in our space-time, of purely mathematical attributes that follow the wave function discovered by Physics.

 « we live in a RELATIONAL REALITY, in the sense that the properties of the world around us stem not from properties of its ultimate building blocks, but from the relations between these building blocks. » Max Tegmark “Our Mathematical Universe”: 2014

Plato’s realm of Ideas, Bohm’s Implicite Reality… would be a simulation mathematical software and the display of the results of calculations would be the reality we perceive: Plato’s shadows or Bohm’s Explicite Reality. Physicist Wolfgang Pauli would maybe be satisfied with a paradigm that would integrate this fundamental concept of simulation. He tried with psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung to understand the origin of synchronicity. He wrote:

« The most satisfying would be that (…) Physics and Psychics could be considered as complementary aspects of one reality. »  Synchronicity: an a-causal connecting Principle.  1952.

Simulism doesn’t make a difference between matter and thought: both are reflections of a more fundamental reality that is virtual and purely mathematical; the one Pauli used to think about.

« psyche and matter are governed by common, neutral, not in themselves ascertainable ordering principles. » Atom and Archetype: The Pauli/Jung Letters, 1932-1958.

Finally, would Descartes be a dualist today? Yes, but…

He would maybe define a world that is perceived and another one, more fundamental, which would create our perceived reality. The first realm would put together objects and thoughts coming from the working of the material brain. Thoughts could be separated in two types, according to whether they are directly generated by the material brain, or by the more fundamental, a-local and a-temporal quantum realm. The first could belong to the « mind » and the second, to the intuition or the « soul » since they come from outside the limits of the material body. The organic brain would be able to create thoughts and to perceive intuitions. Its first job would be attributed to the mind, the second one to the Subconscious, still so mysterious.

Cartesian dualism which defines the realm of objects and the realm of thoughts would have evolved in two new realities. The first one would be a hybrid since it associates an aspect which has an extension in space-time: the objects, to another, immaterial but that comes from the first through the analysis of perceptions: the mental working of the organic brain. The other realm would be a-local and a-temporal: a purely mathematical realm.

Physical Reality associates matter-energy and its emergent abilities that are emotions and thoughts. The underlying a-local and a-temporal Mathematical Reality could be understood as a software running continuously in the background to define properties that are essentially relational and describing a reality that is indivisible because it obeys only to wave functions. The illusion of an objective world composed of independent objects would be the result of the collapse of the wave functions calculated for a discrete place of space-time… Maybe when there is an interaction with the Subconscious, a soul, which belongs to the Mathematical Reality but could also have an influence on the mind, the result of the working of the material brain?


«Mathematics is the language in which God has written the universe.» Galileo

Mathematising the world has been the initiative which enabled science to understand and gain some power on it. Mathematics keeps amazing physicists by its power of prediction! Many physical laws have been discovered by applying a mathematical tool which was created by a mathematician only to satisfy his own logic. As if the intimate fabric of the universe was mathematical!


Max Tegmark gathered his reflexions in his book: “The Mathematical Universe Hypothesis: My quest for the ultimate nature of reality.” (2014).

«If my life as a physicist has taught anything at all, it’s that Plato was right: modern physics has made abundantly clear that the ultimate nature of reality isn’t what it seems.»

And Tegmark: the son of a mathematician and physicist himself, continues:

«Our reality isn’t just described by mathematics – it is mathematics, in a very specific sense.»

«At the bottom level, reality is a mathematical structure, so its parts have no intrinsic properties at all! In other words, the Mathematical Universe Hypothesis implies that we live in a relational reality, in the sense that the properties of the world around us stem not from properties of its ultimate building blocks, but from the relations between these building blocks.»

In this important and entertaining book Tegmark applies very fruitfully his experience as a teacher at MIT. He knows how to present a question and what will illustrate the answer in the best way.

As an example here is how he explains the crucial discoveries in the 1920s that the universe is expanding. He asks to imagine oneself giving a lecture and discovering that the attendees sitting just in the first row are all very old. And the further one looks, the younger the attendees are! With babies laying at the farthest seats! Just in front of a black void! That’s how our universe looks like when we look for galaxies: the farthest they are, the younger!

Everyone fond of astronomy knows this of course, but it’s rare to find an illustration that speaks as much to the imagination! And Tegmark’s book is full of such nice findings.

He presents the findings of “the precision cosmology” to show how it “highlight the mysterious utility of mathematics for understanding our world.” Then he expands the concepts laid by the inflation model of the universe and Quantum Mechanics to define different levels of Multiverses. Tegmark suggests that “Fine-tuning is arguable evidence for the Level II Multiverse“. I.e. that the explanation behind the astounding fine-tuning of the 32 constants that make our Universe suitable for life and intelligence is that there are an infinity of these, each with different values for these constants and that we live in the only one that, by chance, have the good values!

Level III Multiverses are Hugh Everett’s ones. Here again, Tegmark illustrates the Many Worlds hypothesis in new and clear illustrations.

Information is introduced and its importance emphasized. “The quantum weirdness doesn’t go away, it just gets censored” (about the difference between microphysics and macrophysics). Or “I concluded that quantum mechanics requires secrecy: an object can only be found in two places at once in quantum superposition as long as its position is kept secret from the rest of the world.” “Quantum observation isn’t about consciousness, but simply about the transfer of information.

The last part of the book describes the M.U.H or Mathematical Universe Hypothesis.
The M.U.H implies that we live in a relational reality, in the sense that the properties of the world around us stems not from properties of its ultimate building blocks, but from the relation between these building blocks.”

Strangely, Tegmark doesn’t “bet on a computable universe.” Even if all his work seems to point towards Simulism!

So the universe would be a structure, a purely mathematical object, thus a set of informations, which is compatible with Simulism.



The answer comes at once: Energy is life, movement, emotion… french-cancan! But all that is only expressions of energy that doesn’t really inform us about its nature.

Energy is fundamental to an understanding of the universe and life, but even today, it remains a mystery! Is it quantifiable like the dimensions of an object? Or is it a quality like the colour of an object, an emotion…?

Until Galileo, energy was considered as a quality linked to life and that couldn’t be quantified. In greek, “energeia” meant “activity”, “movement”. And all activity had its origin in life; even sea waves or leaves rustling in a breeze were due to Eolus: a god. And life can’t be quantified… even today! But Galileo discovered how to quantify movement and created Physics when he applied Mathematics to understand the properties of the material universe.

Even today physicists don’t know how to define the nature of energy and, therefore, can’t measure it directly. Galileo didn’t quantify energy but the work done when energy changes from one form to another. Richard Feynman – one of the brightest 20th century’s physicist – wrote:

«It is important to realise that today Physics has no idea about what the nature of energy could be.» Or: «The conservation of energy is an abstract idea, a mathematical principle that isn’t concrete, not even the description of a mechanism. It only says that something is invariable when an event takes place. It’s a strange fact to be able to calculate a quantity, to watch nature doing its tricks, that to recalculate this number and to discover that it didn’t change!»

In other words, energy is what remains constant in an ever-changing universe; but this doesn’t teach us what is its nature!

As physicists – the champions of rational analysis – can’t teach us what the nature of energy is, let’s see if the specialists of intuition could have any idea about it! Have creative people, artists, been inspired by this question?

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A masterpiece comes at once to mind: The “Creation of Adam” by Michelangelo in the Chapel Sixtine expresses an impressive energy! On the right half of the fresco everything is on the move; even God’s beard participate to our feeling of a fast flight from right to left. The left part is completely static; but we perceive a birth: life, through a mysterious energy, invisible but so powerful between the two index fingers looking for each other!

God has already created forms in the mineral and in the living realms, but he didn’t yet pass life to Adam: the capacity to put these forms in movement, then to wake up consciousness in humanity. Even if the abstract concept of information was unknown in Michelangelo’s time, he presumably intuited a transfer of informations as the source of life… and maybe of consciousness too! Matter has been created then organised in complex structures, but it isn’t yet animated, nor conscious of itself: it remains to show her how to express all the properties of life and consciousness! It needs a sort of “How to Manual”, an operating system… informations!

The artist perceives energy as the source of movement, life and consciousness. But is the force that puts an object on the move, the same as the one that brings life to an organism? Physicists discovered one energy only that can express itself through many forms. Michelangelo seems to describe two types of energies: one that could be named: “Physical Energy” because physicists learned to quantify the work done with it like, for instance, the movement pictured on the right part of the fresco, and a second type: “vital energy”, subtler and impossible to measure: an energy that gives life. It’s the one that crosses invisibly between the two index. Could it be the “Subtle Energy” (Chi or Prana) conceived by oriental philosophies? An energy unknown to our organs of perception but perceptible only to human intuition, as the “chinese pulse” only detected by the chinese therapist and that can’t be measured with our mechanical or electronic devices? Could the “Physical Energy” be the same as the oriental concept of “Coarse” or “Manifested” energy that our organs can perceive and our devices react to?


It could be interesting to compare conceptions of eastern and western philosophers about energy. These world views diverged for thousands of years but began to converge when they discovered each other, especially since the 18th century .

In the West the world was described as it appears through our organs of perception; the universe harbours objects localised in space and time; they seem to remain where we perceived them, even if we divert our attention: the Moon is in the sky even if nobody looks at her! We favoured quantification to describe these objects because it is easy to measure lengths, widths, positions in space… and to communicate objectively the results. The scientific methodology is the very successful outcome of this way to perceive our surroundings since 4 centuries. Measures are independent of the subject who does them and therefore easily communicated and reproduced. But very weird results began to accumulate since the dawn of the 20th century; the world’s image we built till the end of the 19th century was too naive; we thought we could consider the universe as a collection of objects we could quantify objectively and independently; physicists were convinced they were nearly at the end of their discoveries and able to find the final formulas: the complete description of the properties of matter and its behaviour. But they were wrong…!

Instead of quantifying the universe, eastern philosophers asked themselves how the universe is perceived; what is the nature of consciousness that perceives it; how does it build a world’s image from our perceptions? Their approach became an introvert research; they favoured subjective and qualitative analysis: the exact opposite of Western views. For a westerner the world is clearly what s/he perceives. For an easterner it is only a mental image made after interactions between organs of perception and the consciousness who analyses them; the interaction is more important than the perception in itself and the object perceived. Instead of reducing the world to a collection of separately quantifiable objects, easterners perceived it as an interacting whole impossible to reduce to independent parts without denaturing its fundamental nature. In the West, one or many gods created the world and everything contained in it, sequentially, after successive additions: for example first Heaven and Earth, then light, then days and nights, water, land… In the East, no gods we could compare with Western ones! But Forces: energies, sometimes sources of anthropocentric metaphors as in India or in Tibet. Unique in the beginning, the founding energy gives rise to 2 types of energy (China) or 3 (India), then 5 or more… Each energy form specialises itself, but its fundamental nature is preserved.

These energies manifest themselves progressively; from subtle they become more coarse and in the end give rise to everything in the universe, after interacting in multiple ways. It is amazing to discover that Eastern philosophies discovered thousands of years ago what Western Science understood only since 1905: even matter is a form of energy!

The interaction of primordial elements as the source of the multiple objects our senses perceive seems universal and is found in the East as well as in the West. The 5 elements the greek imagined as the fundamental units of creation aren’t really material but rather properties. The combination in variable amounts of these qualities were thought to create the particular properties of every object. For example if the element “earth” was in high proportion, an object would be very dense and would have a sort of impulse to join the soil. The nature of the 5 elements is better understood as energy than matter. The objects we perceive result from the combination of idealised primordial elements that aren’t actually perceptible in a pure material form. This is maybe easiest to understand through the 5 processes in China. (see below)

Instead of imagining a concrete, solid, material and long-lasting universe, Eastern philosophers were sensible to the subjective nature of the world’s image our senses initiate. An holistic vision of the universe made them aware of the illusion of a permanent reality: everything is transforming; only the Law of Change is permanent!

But physicists discover a new world since the 20th century; a world completely incomprehensible within physicalism: the paradigm inherited from their predecessors who were convinced they would understand the universe by explaining the properties of matter that makes the objects we find in it. Relativity describes a universe where space and time loose objectivity and permanence; they are no more independent from the observer but become relative to the observation! Since then, the observer has a direct influence on the physical properties of the object s/he measures and the results are no longer certainties but probabilities only!

Many upset physicists tried to find new ways of understanding their results; new paradigms. And Eastern ways of thinking were found to be helpful.

«We must turn to epistemological problems which Buddha and Lao-Tseu has already been confronted to, and try to harmonise our situation as actors and spectators in the great drama of existence.» Niels Bohr.

«Japan’s important contributions to Theoretical Physics since the last war, shows maybe a kinship between Eastern traditional philosophies and Quantum Theory’s philosophical substance.» Werner Heisenberg.

To compare Eastern and Western views about energy could shed some light on its nature and maybe help us find some elements of answers to interesting questions as:

– Did East and West perceive and describe the same energy?

– Can we explore an Eastern concept with Western scientific methods?

– Can our scientific methodology study “Subtle Energies” like Chi or Prana…?

– Are scientific devices built to measure the work done by energy forms described by physicists, able to measure the Subtle Energy forms described by Eastern philosophers?


James Reston could not imagine his misfortune could have a positive return on his reputation as a journalist when, in summer 1971, he covered Henri Kissinger’s trip to Pekin as a political columnist for the New York Times. Nixon had decided to change his politics with China and asked Kissinger to prepare an official visit for his president. However, suddenly Reston has to undergo an operation for an appendicitis in Pekin. Everything is OK but he suffers from great post-operation pain that doesn’t react to medicine.

Some of his neighbours receive acupuncture treatments: Reston asks to try. It works well and he’s surprised by this ancestral therapeutic! As an interrogative journalist, he gathers informations on the method and its mode of action: manipulation of a subtle energy unknown in Western science: Chi. He witnesses surgeries made with acupuncture only as a pain-killer and, back home, he publishes an article in the NYT on july 26th in which he describes his investigations and declares that, even if he can’t understand how acupuncture works, he has no doubt about its efficiency.

Acupuncture was already known but not very popular. Reston’s article made it much more tried as an alternative therapy. Scientists like the biochemist Richard Hammerschlag, influential surgeons like Sherwin Nuland or physicians like J. M. Helms contributed to its good reputation and its admission in U.S. academics (1997) then internationally (WMO in 1998). The U.S. Health Department opened a National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine that studies how scientific methods could help to assess alternative therapeutics. The centre classifies them in three groups:

– Therapeutics involving physical energies: Cymatics (sounds), light-therapy…;

– Therapeutics involving subtle energies: acupuncture, reiki…;

– Therapeutics involving the relation between mind and body: yoga, meditation…

Acupuncture is assessed, although its mode of action is not compatible with western’s medical paradigm. Investigations done with scientific rigour show conclusively that the placebo effect is not a sufficient explanation (link with ACUPUNCTURE) for its success. Acupuncture triggers organic reactions but its mode of action remains mysterious and the concept of “Subtle Energy flow” remains the best one to describe them.


The western closest energy concept to a Subtle Energy is the “Vital Force“. a mysterious form of energy that would pass on life to organised matter. It was postulated in order to understand how life could build impressive structures and form living organisms from inert matter. Hans Driesch’s experiments near the end of the 19th century convinced him that there should be a sort of “life field” that brings to every living form the instructions needed to follow a developmental plan from the embryonic stage to the adult. The naturalists of this time were all convinced that physical laws, as they were understood, could not, alone, explain life. Pasteur showed that life comes through life only, not from inert matter. The french philosopher Henri Bergson described a

«life force: an energy that creates continuously more and more complex forms.»

He can’t subdue life to deterministic Physics and gives spirit its own place:

«spirit exists by its own; it is not the child of brain’s activity.»

He is cartesian: the universe is dualistic and is made out of matter and spirit.

Teilhard de Chardin was both an anthropologist and a jesuit. He synthesised Science and Philosophy in a grandiose cosmography. He was monistic: the universe is only spiritual and matter is a transient form adopted by spirit while evolving. In the beginning there was only energy and a point – Omega – an expression of God. This point drives energy through a long history of changes, transformations, sublimation.

«God makes so that things are made, but does not make them himself.»

Primordial energy becomes matter then organises itself in living organisms, acquires consciousness and continue its evolution towards its true spiritual nature: only one Universal Consciousness. Teilhard was clearly influenced by Eastern philosophies!


Since Galileo began to describe the world through the language of mathematics, physicists tried to precise energy’s properties. Newton shows how gravitation is expressed through a force that becomes a way to apply energy to get a work done. But he can’t understand its nature. He couldn’t see how a force could attract two objects with nothing material in between them; it wasn’t compatible with a world’s image made of independent material objects only. Descartes had explained magnetic attraction with tiny and invisible particles of matter that would travel out of the magnet and back, pulling objects with them to the magnet.


This illustrates how Descartes thought a magnet could pull iron dust without a visible link between them. He postulated very tiny invisible particles of matter were coming out of the magnet, link to the iron dust particles and pull them back to the magnet.

Eastern philosophers didn’t see any problem with magnetism. Their holistic world’s view explained easily interactions because any object is a localised and condensed form of an energy field that fills the universe. Invisible particles were not necessary to understand why the needle in a compass aligns itself in an energy field. China discovered magnetism since the 4th century B.C and utilised it to align harmoniously temples, houses… with the universal energy, long before it became useful to guide sailors.

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Han dynasty: compass on a Feng Shui dial. Source:

In the 19th century Faraday then Maxwell created a new concept: the field of energy. Like Descartes, Faraday was convinced there was a material sub-structure – the ether – that communicated the energy through the universe. No experiment never discovered this elusive sub-structure until Einstein’s papers in 1905 definitely buried it. We must admit energy doesn’t need a material support to travel through space! So how does it do it?

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Without iron dust the modification of space’s properties through the magnet would be invisible, un-manifested.

We don’t know for sure. We do know since 1905 that matter and energy are two forms of one only entity: mass-energy. Quantum Physics describes mass-energy as able to be at once in the form of particles and in a state impossible to imagine but that obeys to the mathematical laws for waves. It’s as particles that mass-energy crosses empty space or a photon extracts an electron from a photovoltaic cell. And its wave-state explains how a single quantum of energy can go through 2 slits at once and build an interference pattern of interacting waves.


The East, like the West, conceived only one sort of energy: Chi in China or Prana in India… but it can take many different aspects after being created in another realm than ours, for ever inexpressible: Tao in China, Brahman in India… It is Energy that, in a subtle state, is the fabric of the universe and brings it into Manifested state progressively. Continuously transforming, it creates life, mind and even spiritual consciousness. These changes create forces and matter when in becomes “coarse” energy we can perceive under its state of matter-energy. There is no difference in nature between matter and spirit, only differences in states, subtlety, density. Yin and Yang change continuously one in the other; this is possible because they share the same nature.



Symbol of a constantly changing primordial energy: Chi, its Yin and Yang sides are themselves in perpetual and complementary transformation, each of them containing the seed of the other.

In turn, the fundamental changes of Yin and Yang create new secondary energy forms: the 5 Processes in China; the 5 Vayus in India, comparable to the 5 Elements in antic Greece. Primordial energy begins to condensate in a Manifested universe. There isn’t yet matter as we perceive it with our organs, more so attributes that communicate their properties as impulses. This view of the origin of matter is common to primitive East and West philosophies. It has been applied in the West until the end of the Middle-Ages.


The chinese 5 processes: Wuxing, illustrate the properties ancient Greece gave to their 5 elements. Their nature is not matter, but impulses, properties. They are in continuous interaction and give rise to the perceived universe, the Manifested world. Some interactions create new properties: they are illustrated with grey arrows. Other are destructive: the red arrows.

Indian cosmogony is much easier to discover than Chinese cosmogony because it is very anthropomorphic, full of imagery and can illustrate abstract concepts by relating them to our life experiences. The taoist concept of continuous transformation is illustrated in India by the cosmic dance. Everything moves, beginning by Shiva Nataraja – the lord of dance, the first creation by the other realm: Brahman – until Purusha and Prakriti: the hindu equivalents of Yin and Yang. The highly multiple states of the forces – or gods – are only a way to illustrate different aspects of the one and indivisible reality that exists. Brahman, the creator who belongs to another realm, is found through all his creations that can be considered as his avatars.

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One should imagine the creator: Brahman, in another realm, outside the central dial on which his avatar Shiva Nataraja: the lord of the dance is pictured. The dance initiates space and time. Then Purusha, the hindu equivalent of Yang and Prakriti – Yin, can begin, the former to imagine our realm, the latter, to give birth to it. Purusha creates but do not Manifest his creations, when Prakriti transforms the information-energy in Manifested reality that our organs can perceive.


Brahman gives rise to Shiva Nataraja who initiates the universe; his dance develops space and triggers time, both necessary features for existence. Matter needs space and time to become real; even immaterial ideas need time to exist. Brahman’s avatar Purusha imagines the universe then informs Prakriti, another avatar, who organises the manifestation: the materialisation of the universe. She gives birth to the world after being fertilised by Purusha. Prakriti begins by manifesting her energy as properties: the Tattvas, and impulses: the Gunas. Now every object can be manifested as matter, thoughts, feelings, emotions…

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In the circle “NATURE” one should imagine Purusha and Prakriti at work to create then Manifest the universe with all its objects: material, mental and even spiritual. With the properties of Tattvas energies and the impulses from Gunas, Prakriti gives rise to the world we perceive. Nothing is permanent in it; everything is recycled and returns in the Unmanifested reality to be re-created in the circle “NATURE”.

Thus, for Eastern philosophies and modern Physics the universe is nothing but energy! This discovery has been made thousands of years ago in Eastern cultures but in the West we had to wait for Einstein to become aware of it! This is a remarkable convergence between the two worlds; the introvert Eastern philosophies who ask how consciousness perceives, and the extravert Western science who quantifies the results of perception before asking itself how consciousness builds an image of the world. Science which finds that our perceptions give us a wrong picture of reality; what we feel is concrete, localised, material…. is actually only forms of energy!

A quantum particle is a very localised vibration in a field of the form of energy to which it belongs. A photon is a tiny vibration in the photonics energy field that fills all space; a neutron, a small disturbance in the neutronic energy field… And all these energy fields that give rise to photons, neutrons… are only different expressions of one only primordial energy that condensed under different aspects through the history of the universe.

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«The existence and the disappearance of particles are only movements of the field.» Walter Thirring.


The world seems to us made out of objects localised in space-time, concrete and made out of matter. But Physics discovers that everything is included in a soup of vibrations, energies with multiple interacting forms. An image much closer to what mystic consciousness perceives than what our organs do.

The Western world’s vision becomes compatible with Eastern mystics: the universe we perceive as containing separate objects is, fundamentally, only a very rich mix of vibrations that ends as an illusion of materiality, of separation and independence! But how could it be?!


This question becomes fundamental when the universe is an extraordinary pattern of ever transforming forms of energy; some of which our perceptions interpret as matter: an illusion!

An energy field is a region of space that expresses peculiar properties. Field lines link space areas with equivalent values of its peculiar properties. And these attributes express themselves only on specific objects sensitive to this particular energy field.

One can illustrate a magnetic field with a ferrofluid: a sort of liquid magnet made with nanoparticles of magnetite suspended in oil.

Please have a look on this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kmKMIBvdm9M

A ferrofluid which is a liquid magnet, can show how space is transformed when a magnet sits somewhere in it. The transformation of the properties of space stay invisible, Unmanifested, until when it is crossed by an object sensitive to magnetic field.

A ferrofluid is a liquid magnet useful to visualise how en energy field shapes space. The video shows clearly that a magnet, somewhere in space, gives it the power to attract objects sensitive to magnetism. If a dog crosses the magnetic field of a powerful MRI it will feel noting at all; space would be perceived as usual. But if the dog wears an iron collar it could be hanged to death, stuck on the super-magnet of the instrument! The space around the MRI is peculiar, it seems informed on the properties it can show if, and only if, an object sensitive to magnetism comes in its vicinity. The dog without a collar doesn’t trigger a work from the field; the magnetic field won’t be manifested. But if the dog wears an iron collar the field would manifest itself and trigger a work.

How do the magnet and the iron interact through space without any material link? Physicists imagine virtual particles, one type for any particular form of field energy, able to materialise and dematerialise continuously everywhere in space. It is the paradoxical concept of “Quantum Vacuum” which is actually full of virtual reality! Near the MRI virtual photons will be exchanged between the magnet and the iron collar and borrow movement energy that will transform in magnetic force. It reminds what Descartes postulated four centuries ago: very tiny invisible particles interacting between the magnet and the iron because he couldn’t accept that a force could be transmitted through empty space!

Extremely tiny bubbles and irregularities in space-time predicted by certain theories.

Source: (Chandra.Harvard.edu)

The Quantic Vacuum full of potential energy that can materialise in our reality is represented here as a blue bubbling soup. Bubbles formed from Unmanifested reality can be stabilised in ours, represented over the blue one. For a virtual energy bubble to be stabilised in our reality it has to absorb real energy from it in a quantity exactly equal to the one it borrowed to sneak in. When it does, the absorbed energy gives rise to a particle: energy has been changed to matter.

Today we must imagine another realm, more fundamental than ours, a realm from which a rich zoo of particles appear surreptitiously everywhere in our realm and manifest (materialise) as real particle, able to transmit forces, only when they can absorb energy from our realm.

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A picture made at the CERN. Two particles were accelerated near light speed then collided and their mass-energy has been transformed in a zoo of new particles.

Let’s imagine what happens in an accelerator of quantum particles. Two clouds of particles are accelerated in opposite direction until they reach near light speed. Suddenly the two flows are directed in front of each other and frontal collisions release huge amounts of energy. When virtual particles from the Quantum Vacuum find in our realm a quantity of energy exactly equal to the energy they borrowed to manifest themselves, they can absorb it and materialise, therefore continue to exist through time in our realm. The final energy balance would show the creation of a new particle whose mass-energy is equal to the one that has been liberated by the frontal collision of the accelerated particles. Energy would have changed in matter! The opposite is seen when a radio-active element changes part of its mass-energy in energy like heat, electro-magnetic rays… Matter and energy are truly two interchangeable facets of a same reality.

Isn’t this dance of the elements richly illustrated by Shiva Nataraja, Purusha and Prakriti from hindu cosmology?! Brahman, in a more fundamental realm, creates a space and a time that makes our realm perceptible. Shiva Nataraja – the Lord of Dance – initiates the continuous movement, time’s flow. Purusha creates the properties of the particles that remain virtual: Unmanifested but in-formed, without a form; but Purusha created the informations necessary so they can Manifest when the conditions are there. He creates the Natural Laws in a sense. And Prakriti manages the materialisation of the virtual particles. By manipulating her energy she materialises mass-energy in our realm when she applies to it the properties Purusha imagined for them. A strange convergence! Purusha enriches space with INFORMATION, subtle, virtual, until Prakriti and her organised energy can manifest them so as we can perceive them as mass-energy or work.

In Aristotelian philosophy, Brahman would be the final cause: the one that gives meaning; Purusha, the formal cause: the one that informs the objects properties; Prakriti, the efficient cause: the one that makes the object. In our scientific cosmogony Brahman is ignored; Purusha is the Laws of Nature and Prakriti the universe that obeys the Laws. In Simulism’s metaphor, Brahman would be the programmer, Purusha the software and Prakriti the hardware that runs the program; the results of the equations build the universe we perceive and its behaviour. These comparisons lead to a disturbing fact: the scientific cosmogony seems a bit basic since it isn’t interested in origins: just in transformations! It doesn’t look for the nature of the primordial energy; it excels in the rationalisation of an evolving history of the universe… after its creation… God knows how!

The comparative analysis of Eastern and Western cosmologies show another very important difference between the two. The Eastern universe is in a process of continuous creation; objects are manifested for a time then completely denatured and Unmanifested. Brahman’s three avatars work continuously to regenerate the universe from the Unmanifested realm; to create a Manifested universe from an Unmanifested realm. The Western universe is only recycled; it isn’t Unmanifested, just denatured in fundamental parts that are re-used to build new complex constructions that acquire a new nature. Mass-energy was created only once, 13.8 billion years ago, and undergoes transformations since. We are interested in the history of “coarse” energy only and don’t work with “subtle” energy, Unmanifested, therefore un-quantifiable. We aren’t aware of what happens in the Unmanifested realm and instructs the manifestation of the universe we perceive.

But Physics discovered the Quantum world. Physicists found mathematical tools that unable them to extract informations from the other realm, more fundamental than the one we perceive and measure. The wave function of particles let us calculate their properties as they change with time. But we can only access to probabilities, no certainties. Reality remains veiled in a way: we can discern but we can’t see in plain light what happens behind the veil!

«There must exist, beyond mere appearances … a ‘veiled reality’ that science does not describe but only glimpses uncertainly.» Bernard D’Espagnat.

Physics succeeded to describe partly the Unmanifested universe that is already informed and gives rise to our realm.  An Unmanifested universe with energy only, vibrations that interfere in unconceivable forms, with properties we can’t understand from our life-experience but can predict from equations. The equations of quantum entanglement link two objects as if they were only one, but we perceive two, separated in space-time. It is a remarkable achievement of the scientific method that isn’t appreciated as it should be!

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«Quantum entanglement supports the idea that the world is deeper than the visible, and reveals a domain of existence, which cannot be described with the notions of space and time.» «The nonlocal correlations cannot be explained by any history in space-time, they come from outside space-time.» Antoine Suarez.

Science has found how to look through the veil and gather informations that, even if they can’t be totally objective since there is no circumscribed object in the Unmanifested realm, are nevertheless objective in a mathematical sense. Indeed, physicists are able to circumscribe the properties an Unmanifested object could express after its creation, inside boundaries of probabilities they can calculate. They can’t predict with certainty what the precise properties will be when an object will manifest itself in our realm; nevertheless they master the mathematical tools with which they calculate the potentials of creation! The universe is mathematical (please refer to a further post) and we succeeded to find some of the equations that control the very process of creation of the Manifested realm from the Unmanifested one! Isn’t this a superb feat?!

Science took off since Descartes defined precisely the framework inside of which it could thrive: the universe of objects extended in space-time and that we can measure.

Dualist Descartes let philosophers take care of the universe of thoughts, spirit… objects we can’t observe objectively in a material world. But now Science reveals a non-material and more fundamental realm outside our space-time; a world Eastern philosophers have been aware off long ago and described as Unmanifested but that become Manifested when conditions are met. A realm that INFORMS ours when it manifests itself.


Physicists De Broglie and Bohm created a coherent Quantum Mechanics out of this duality: a fundamental but ineffiable Quantum Field guides the material particles we perceive in our realm, and does it from the Unmanifested realm that reflect informations about its state as a whole (as a hologram). The form-wave doesn’t any work: it informs (Unmanifested Subtle Energy) the particles that will express a work (Manifested Physical Energy) and transform energy for that. The form-wave belongs to another realm in which information is everywhere at once; it isn’t limited by space-time. In this “veiled reality” no work is needed; sharing information is free! It is the possible future use of the shared information that needs to do a work and thus, will be perceived in our realm.

De Broglie and Bohm’s Quantum Field can’t be perceived; in the same way a magnetic or any other energy field can’t be perceived as long as they aren’t submitted to a mass-energy crossing them. Sheldrake’s Morphogenetic Field (MF) has the same feature in a neo-vitalist perspective. Sheldrake’s MF won’t do any work to guide the living organisms along their acquisition of forms and behaviours. There will be a work done of course, a work we can perceive in our reality when a fertilised cell will reproduce, become an embryo then a foetus… We know how living cells acquire energy out of sun or food, store it in molecules and transform it to synthesise new molecules, move… and do a work we can measure. But all the work will be done on the basis of informations the cell had free access to, through the MF, or non-living matter through the Quantum Field.

So, looking what the nature of energy could be leads us to an important link with information. As a matter of fact, Physicists formalised long ago this link when they quantify a work. The energy is always conserved but it is transformed and this modification implies a loss of quality, a sort of degradation of the information inside the system that physicists quantify when they measure the system’s entropy. But Eastern philosophies, Quantum Field or MF theories, the implications of quantum entanglement, the wave-particle duality… suggest another form of energy; a subtle one, able to communicate information freely, without doing a work. It is this Subtle Energy that informs space when it harbours an energy field.

Eastern philosophies describe this Subtle Energy when they imagine an Unmanifested realm, just about to manifest itself in our realm. It is the Subtle Energy informing the chinese therapist when he assesses the chinese pulse. Could it be this Subtle Energy that, through the water diviner’s unconsciousness animate the muscles that will let the diviner’s rod to dive? No physical device can directly react to Chi or Prana, neither to MF… unless informed through a human used as a tool! Only a nervous system seems to be able to react to Subtle Energy.

Could this Subtle Energy be the one that inspires an artist? Could we find in it the source of intuition?


An impressive movement energy is subtlety communicated from the right part of the fresco to humanity. Adam awakes to consciousness through an imperceptible energy transfer. We see nothing between the two index fingers, no light, not even a spark! Did Michelangelo feel intuitively that a Subtle Energy influences human beings somewhat like physical energy influences measuring devices? This one would trigger a physical work, that one would be at the source of consciousness… and intuition. If you look at Michelangelo’s fresco with this interrogation in mind, something amazing happens: you realise God and his angels are enclosed in a structure that reminds strangely the anatomy of a human brain: our specialised organ for information managing!



No clouds to symbolise heaven: God’s kingdom. But a strange volume outlined by a fabric folded back on itself to form a double enclosure. Its form and structure remind the brain’s double envelop. We clearly see the frontal lobe, the fissure of the temporal lobe on the left and the occipital fissure on the right.

Eve stays in between a strange interlacing of angels that seem uncomfortable but design cerebral circumvolutions remarkably well! Some angels push the fabric in the same way circumvolutions outline visible forms in the cerebral envelops.

The three angels under God are particularly uncomfortable. The one in the centre folds his right leg and looks like the optic chiasma (knee) followed by the optic nerve (leg) directed towards the occiput. The laying angel seen from his back, represents the Pons (back), just on the medulla oblongata (buttocks) then the beginning of the spinal cord (leg). A green drapery finds meaning in the fresco if it is the symbol of the arterial artery that enters the skull from beneath, after a double tight fold when it exit the cervical vertebras!

Why Michelangelo’s intuition could have put God in front of a human brain?

Maybe did he try to go beyond the mere creation of the world, matter then life, with the invisible spark that gives consciousness to Adam and extract him from the animal realm. Adam is formed, alive, but doesn’t seem conscious of himself; it’s this gift that he’ll receive from God.

Maybe the artist felt he should show God’s presence in the depths of our consciousness. We could join God when meditating on an inwardly directed vision through the third eye – wisdom’s eye – God’s arm seems to cross on its way to Adam’s index finger. God isn’t part of the cerebral cortex that makes us aware of our surroundings and of ourselves: he is in front of the deep brain, the place where emotions are managed: the limbic system; maybe where intuitions come from. Maybe the artist wanted to show God giving us the gift of intuition that made him able to create his masterworks. The same intuition, the Subtle Energy which transmits informations to the water diviner from beyond his perceptive organs and direct unconsciously his muscles to give life to a pendulum or a diviner rod…

There is a more radical revelation… The artist could have understood God created us in his image, not physically of course, but through our intellect and our consciousness. He is pictured as an old sage but seems out of place in a human brain! Therefore one can think it isn’t his body that is meaningful, but the location where it is represented and which is the source of human intellect and consciousness. We could be God’s avatars! If true, he would share our experiences through our consciousness… somehow as a video game player but much more implicated since it won’t be in an indirect way, through a console, but directly with consciousness, so immersed in the characters that he would forget the beginning… until the end of the game. Only when the game is over would he remember who he is really: a player, in a virtual universe programmed by himself… !

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Stanislav Grof seems to have found a sort of Consciousness field beyond space-time he defines as “transpersonal”. It could be the source of intuition, a communication bridge between the 2 realities: the Unmanifested one, spiritual for Descartes, and the Manifested reality, the material world we perceive.

NOTE: Whether Michelangelo had access to detailed dissections of human brains – or not – is more important to historians of Arts then to the viewer of his work. His biographer thought the young artist could have observed some dissections in secret. Even so, it remains difficult to see how he would remind himself so well a human brain when he painted the fresco in his forties. If he consciously represented a brain, then he did it much better than Leonardo who seems to have seen only decomposed ones! It is only three decades after the completion of the frescos in the Chapel Sixtine that Vesalius and Le Titien published the first useful anatomical charts!

A student in medicine (Frank Meshberger) who was working for an examination on human anatomy saw the relation between the fresco and a human brain and published his ideas in The American Journal of Medicine in 1990.


Not so sure!

The dualism he largely contributed to promote postulates that soul and matter don’t belong to the same world: the soul is immaterial and responsible notably of our free-will when our understanding comes from the working of our material and organised brain. Communication between these two realms could be done in the only odd organ of our brain: our epiphysis.

But we find a very different Descartes in the intimacy of his correspondence! Frontiers between immaterial emotions and organic illnesses aren’t impenetrable; dualism shows important breaches!

« The most ordinary cause of slow fever is sorrow; and chance continues to persecute your house, giving you continuous reasons to be angry (…). And one could fear that you couldn’t be freed of it, unless by the power of your personality you could make your soul happy, in spite of destiny’s disgrace. »

Descartes to Elisabeth of Bohème – Egmond, may 18 mai 1645

« But, as body’s health and pleasant environment greatly help our soul to quick off all sad emotions and bring in joyful ones, reciprocally when mind is joyful it helps the body to keep healthy and the environment seems nicer. »

Descartes to Elisabeth of Bohème – November 1646

Clearly the philosopher explains to Elisabeth her melancholy is the cause of her physical illness and that it should heal in relation to her mood; there is therefore a clear link between the body, ill or healthy, and immaterial thoughts or emotions. Today we know of « placebo » or « nocebo » effects. But we don’t yet understand how they participate to about 30% of the measured effects. Maybe we should look here also for a new paradigm that would let us better understand the links between thoughts, moods and organised living matter.

Descartes goes even farther when he links his own mood with chance in games! He suggests to Elisabeth to have an influence on events just by working on her mood that could change the sequence of events in the material world in her favour! It is psychophysics well beyond our time!

« And I’m led to believe that interior joy has some secret power to make chance events more favorable. I won’t write that to feeble minds since they could become superstitious; but in your highness presence I would only by afraid you took me for a gullible man. But I could present so many experiences, with Socrate’s authority, to confirm my opinion. I often realised that what I did with a joyful mood, without any reluctance, would succeed, even if they are chance games, where only chance reigns, I always found it more favourable when I was joyful instead of when I was sad. And Socrate’s demon wasn’t probably something else, he used to follow his intuitions and was convinced that what he did would succeed if he did it joyfully, and, on the contrary, would fail if he was sad. »

Descartes to Elisabeth of Bohème – November 1646

Descartes highlights that it could be dangerous for superstitious people to rely on this knowing that should therefore be kept secret and available only to strong personalities. The feeble could rely on this link between mood and chance and avoid progressing in personality and rationality. But he clearly accepts his experiences and the influence his soul could have on material things as chance games!

He doesn’t feel alone since he introduces Socrate’s demon; Socrate who followed the advices given by what we could, today, name his « intuition ». Again, an evidence of communication between what happens in an immaterial realm and the material one; a communication that seems to transcend space and time where matter belongs! A large breach in the dualistic wall between matter and soul.



Descartes’ world was, at best, dualistic (Matter and Spirit); at worse, Monistic Idealistic (Spirit is fundamental)! It has never been Monistic Materialistic (Matter is fundamental) as it became, after 4 centuries of overwhelming implementation of the scientific method that Descartes largely contributed to create!

Descartes never denigrated spiritual matters as some scientists do today. He struggled with other philosophers to develop the phenomenally successful method that was meant to help them accumulate reliable knowings about our universe, in a time when this knowledge burst out mainly from philosophers and theologians intellectual ratiocinations, instead from objective and reproducible observations and experiments.

On the night of November 10, 1619, Descartes discovers his future life’s objective through 3 founding dreams: to apply mathematical philosophy to the study of the material universe.

It is strange to discover that the most subjective experience – dreams – is at the origin of the most objective methodology – Science! As expected, Descartes’ dreams are clear only to himself; somebody else won’t understand the message: there is a fundamental relation between Nature’s laws and the laws of Mathematics; logical reasoning and critical analysis of every knowing in order to understand our world the best we can, with the help of predictive models. To gather objective observations then apply mathematical tools to build a model satisfying all the observations; a model that speaks to our imagination and, therefore, helps us understand the world we discover around us. A predictive model which suggests new observations or experiments whose results would confirm our new understanding of Reality. Or invalidate it and bring us to look elsewhere an indispensable confirmation in order to reach the goal of the scientific method: a personal and reasoned conviction that we understood something essential about the world in which we live!

Not only Descartes hasn’t denied a spiritual reality, he didn’t consider it less important – less real – that the material world. He didn’t look for a method able to give us new knowings about the spiritual, only the material realm. He left the spiritual questionings to philosophers and theologians. And Descartes wasn’t really cartesian (see next post please) in the sense we give today to this word! Only very careful in order to help his young philosophy to thrive. One can discover this intriguing facet of Descartes through his correspondence with Elisabeth!

How is it that we turned from a Cartesian Dualism to nowadays’ Materialistic Monism?

After 4 centuries accumulating huge successes, after daily evidences of the extraordinary predictive power we achieved out of our understanding of the material world that let us use the energy concentrated in matter, create new species, recover from some genetic disorders, conquer the Moon or Mars… due to unending questionings on the material world brightened by the scientific method, we forget the context in which it was created. The present paradigm: Materialistic Monism, is understood today as a fatality coming from the non existence of the spiritual realm; 4 centuries of materialistic successes make us forget the fundamental postulate: the artificial boundary Descartes built between the two realms.

But this barrier crushed down with the beginning of the 20th century. Lord Kelvin’s “little clouds” he saw in the blue sky of our material world’s understanding, at the end of the 19th century, became devastating tornadoes after which we must build a new look on material reality. A new paradigm in which we’ll have to add in the material reality well described by Physics, properties we considered until today as entirely immaterial!

We discovered in our equations, mysterious links between objects studied here and now and their a-local and a-temporal counter-parties.

Particles at the bottom of our material reality seem to acquire the properties we attribute to matter, from a realm where only mathematical equations describe waves that propagate, superpose and interfere. Objects we see as independent aren’t really independent; an action on one of them affects the other through a reality that transcends space and time, a mysterious reality which seems fundamentally unified: a realm of information more so than energy or mass. A realm from which our material reality seems to burst; a somewhat Ideal realm as Platon intuitively discovered long ago!

The simplest model which includes these discoveries, albeit the more radical one maybe, seems to be Simulism. Everett’s Multiverse or Brandon Carter’s Anthropic Principle which are the most popular alternatives are more complex to accept and both don’t answer the question of the origin. How to build a Universe from nothing?! With Simulism the only thing to do is to run the Program!


«Everything we call real is made of things that cannot be regarded as real.» Niels Bohr.

As soon as Physics began exploring the world of fundamental particles – the MICROCOSM – it had to change its ideas about reality’s nature, on what we can know about it. Niels Bohr was one of the first to accept this conceptual revolution:

« Isolated material particles are abstractions, their properties being definable and observable only through their interaction with other systems. » Niels Bohr.

His intuition led him to the mathematical formalism that will initiate the most precise and the most creative scientific model ever. Yet it remains the most incomprehensible one because of its conflicts with common sense and the Materialistic and Realistic paradigm common sense progressively imposed to our culture.

« Anyone who is not shocked by the quantum theory has not understood it! » Niels Bohr.

Physicists try to understand the many chocking anomalies accumulated since more than a century. They try to fit the experimental results to our consensual way to understand the material universe made out of particles with specific properties. A universe made out of particles whose properties can’t be changed without local interactions with them, particles with objective properties independent of the fact we’re observing them or not and that can’t change without being touched, heated, illuminated…

Serious problems appeared mainly when experimental results didn’t fit with one of the fundamental pillar of Cartesianism: the separation between observer and observed.

In order to be reliable, results have to be reproducible by anybody who acquire the material and intellectual means to do so. They should not depend on the experimentalist, only on the observed object’s properties. It is necessary therefore to avoid any dependency of the results on the experimentalist’s subjectives faculties as intuition, personality… Yet the mathematical formalism created by the fathers of Quantum Theory includes intimately the experimentalist’s choices as can be seen with the experiment described below.


The famous experiment made by Stern and Gerlach is described in my book (chapter B.4) and here. It clearly showed we had to change our understanding of the nature of the fundamental reality: the one of the microcosm.

The main quantum postulate forces the fundamental reality’s properties to take well defined values, to be quantified. In our world a gyroscope can turn on itself with its axis pointing in whatever direction; in the undefined microcosm (when it is not observed) an electron can do the same with its spin that can be compared to a rotational axis; it can point in any direction: no one is forbidden. But when it is observed, when it interacts with an apparatus, the theory says it could take only one out of two values from an infinity of possible ones.

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The magnet deviates magnetic particles. On the right: the expected result if the microcosm behaved like the macrocosm. At the left the actual experimental results.

A special magnet is disposed on the path of electrons whose spins could point a priori in any direction. If this was true then we should see a figure full of impacts like the one at right in which the electrons are deviated in relation to the direction where their spin points to. But it is not what we find when we do the experiment. The electrons are deviated on two lines only, as on the figure at left. We’re led to conclude the electrons are only of two types: half have their spin directed UP and the other half have their spin directed DOWN. No electron are found with other spin directions!

Stranger yet. If we turn the magnet 90° left or right we expect that no electron will be deviated because their spin were directed either UP or DOWN: no spin was seen as LEFT or RIGHT as we just discovered.

But that isn’t what we find. The result is once more a figure composed of 2 lines, but this time the electrons have their spin pointing either to the RIGHT for half of them or to the LEFT for the other half! How this could be possible since we found lately that all the spins were directed either UP or DOWN?!

Still worse! What happens if we place 3 magnets one after the other?

The first magnet separates the electrons on UP or DOWN paths. We place the second magnet on the path of the UP electrons but with a 90° angle with the first magnet. Like just seen, we find half of the electrons qualified as UP after the first magnet now deviated to RIGHT, the other half being directed to LEFT. Everything happens as if the UP electrons at the first magnet’s outlet change their property in order to acquire a RIGHT or LEFT spin instead of the UP one they expressed just before!

What happens now if we place a third magnet ofter the RIGHT outlet of the second and pointing in the same direction as the first magnet? We expect it should not deviated electrons to DOWN since we selected the UP electrons at the outlet of the first magnet before leading them to the second one. But this is not what is discovered! We observe once more half UP and half DOWN electrons. It seems that we create the electron’s property at the time of the measure since we discover DOWN ones after we eliminated them after the first magnet! It is exactly what Niels Bohr predicted beforehand:

« Isolated material particles are abstractions, their properties being definable and observable only through their interaction with other systems. »

We can’t anymore declare that an objective reality exists out there, whose properties are well defined in the microcosm after which our macrocosm is built! Only mathematical wave functions can give us some informations about what happens in the microworld when it doesn’t interfere with our apparatus. In this mysterious world particles exist only under their wavelike identity, they superpose, add or cancel… It is only when observed, when measured or when they interact with each other that the “wave function” collapses and they acquire a quantified, well defined property, compatible with the experimentalist’s choices! As an example, the intrinsic spin property of an electron will acquire its value which will be dependent on the angle the experimentalist chose for the magnet! Objectivity: this fundamental quality of the scientific method, is no more what it was! The experimentalist and his/her apparatus can’t be independent of the process and its results! The observer is an intimate feature of the experiment and its results!

It seems like if we’re confronted to a new dualism. A realm with wave functions only, another in which these waves are perceived as well defined particles!


The most difficult thing to do seems to accept the overwhelming strangeness of the microcosm!

«Not only is the universe stranger than we imagine, it is stranger than we can imagine» (attributed to Sir Arthur Eddington or to J. S. Haldane).

«Of all the theories proposed in this century, the silliest is quantum theory… the only thing quantum theory has going for it is that it is unquestionably correct.» Michio Kaku.

«We have to give up the idea of realism to a far greater extent that most physicists believe today» Anton Zeilinger

Some very simple experiments we could realise in any lab fitted to do optics, lead to a very strange world!

Let’s gather a laser, some mirrors and two photon detectors.

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The laser is set to deliver one photon at a time; M1 and M2 are classical mirrors while MS1 is semi-transparent: it reflects one photon out of two and transmits the other, at random. We expect the detectors D1 and D2 to click alternatively depending on whether the photon will be transmitted (D2 will click) or will be reflected by MS1 (D1 will click). For each photon emitted one or the other detector will click, never the two at once. It is what we find. The photon behaves like a particle and takes one path OR the other.

Let’s now modify our settings.

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We added a second semi-transparent mirror MS2. In theory we could continue to expect half of the photons on D1 and the other half on D2. A photon that crossed MS1 could in theory, cross also MS2 and let D2 click, or it could be reflected on MS2 and let D1 click.

But it is not the results we find! This time only D1 clicks to 100% of the photons emitted by the laser and D2 doesn’t click at all! The only way to understand this result is to accept that the photon crosses the apparatus with its wave nature and not as a particle! It is the only way to build a constructive interference on D1 and a destructive one on D2. The wave arriving on D1 would have had the same number of reflexions/transmissions whether it has been transmitted or reflected by the mirrors (1 transmission and 2 reflexions: they will be in phase on D1 and will add)

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When the wave arriving on D2 undergoes 2 transmissions and one reflexion if it takes the upper path, or 3 reflexions if it takes the lower one. This time the waves aren’t anymore in phase and will cancel each other.

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These experiments are clear illustrations of the wave/particle duality: the photon travels with its wave nature and expresses its particle nature only when detected on the counter. But where is this wave? In which realm does it travel? Not ours: the one where matter expresses the properties as we perceive them, with its mass, its limited speed rate…


Even if this conclusion was implicit since the origin of Quantum Theory, only recently did it arouse interrogations followed by experiments. Quantum Theory is so strange to our consensual paradigm that it remained ignored and often is ignored today.

Einstein struggled in order to demonstrate that the Theory was incomplete because it predicted results he considered as impossible: like a “spooky influence” of a particle upon another one, even if their remoteness banned any communication between them! But Einstein was wrong. Alain Aspect’s experiments showed it since 1982!

We just understood why only D1 clicks and never D2. This shows that they are correlated. And we would see exactly the same features if D1 and D2 were separated by huge distances, even if they were separated by whole the Galaxy! The following experiment stresses even more the strangeness of these conclusions.

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We added the mirrors M3 to M6 such that the UP path could be extended in relation to the DOWN one. As we extend the UP path we’ll see less and less clicks on D1 correlated with more clicks on D2! At some time only D2 will click and no photon will be detected on D1. While extending progressively the UP path we see COORDINATED reactions on D1 and D2: when one clicks less, the other clicks more until it reaches 100% then diminishes until 0% and so on.

This is a logical result if we accept that the photon travels at once on the 2 paths according to its wave nature, then adds or subtracts the 2 waves’ amplitudes when reaching the detectors, according to the phase differences. The results aren’t anymore 100% or 0% as before, but vary gradually between these two limits since we can change progressively the difference in the UP and DOWN paths. We could for example find 30% on D1 and 70% on D2 (see below a measure taken with a phase difference illustrated by the vertical line “B”); there is a correlation between the 2 detectors.

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When we change the distance followed by the UP ray thanks to the mirrors M3 to M6, we change the phase of the UP wave related to the DOWN one; one goes, for instance, from the situation where the 2 waves are in phase (line “A”), to the one showed with the line “B” where D1 will react about 30% and D2 for 70% of the time. The 2 detectors always remain coordinated, whatever the distance between them!

Again, this result will remain the same even if the distance between the detectors is so great that no communication could travel between them. A mysterious link joins D1 to D2 outside the world we perceive as real because the objects in it have mass, a place in space and react only to events mediated by energy transfer. But the photons with which we imagined our experiments seem to travel instantly across the space between D1 and D2 in order to secure a coordinated result and obey one of the most fundamental laws of Physics: Energy Conservation. If a photon has been emitted by the laser, then a photon must be detected! It looks as if matter’s properties that are, for us, at the origin of all objective reality, are intimately linked to mysterious properties that we can’t access outside mathematical formalism: wave functions notably. The wave functions expand across an immaterial realm since objects behave as if they weren’t submitted to imposed restrictions coming from physical parameters as we perceive them in the material realm.


Our material world is made of particles, most of which have mass, that are local (detected in a precise place in space) and linked to time (they eventually change their location in relation with time’s flow). But this world seems to be mysteriously linked to another one, a realm in which the particles’ properties seem to follow the waves function’s mathematical formalism out of which they “collapse”! In this mysterious world space and time aren’t the same as in ours. There is a dualism: a material world that we perceive, linked to another one, immaterial since matter isn’t in its particle nature and has no mass-energy.

Now we can analyze and compare these two Dualisms; Descartes’ one and the other, brought by Quantum Physics. It will be the subjects of a later post.

A video from the physicist Antoine Suarez explains the experiments that underly this new Dualism. But he doesn’t name it like that! Another video from Antoine Suarez describes the experiment that showed that the realm of waves is a-temporal.

Bibliography: Andrew Truscott et Roman Khakimov published: A. G. Manning, R. I. Khakimov, R. G. Dall, A. G. Truscott. “Wheeler’s delayed-choice gedanken experiment with a single atom.” Nature Physics, 2015; DOI:

An explanation of this experiment can be found here.